CALICO Journal, Learner-Computer Interaction in Language Education: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert Fischer

Tools that detectives use: in search of learner-related determinants for usage of optional feedback in a written murder mystery

Frederik Cornillie, Ruben Lagatie, Mieke Vandewaetere, Geraldine Clarebout, Piet Desmet
Issued Date: 7 Aug 2014


This paper explores individual difference factors in relation with usage of optional CF in a written and task-based tutorial CALL environment for English grammar practice that contained gaming features. Previous research in CALL has highlighted the importance of prior knowledge for learners’ usage of CF options (Brandl, 1995; Heift, 2002), but the contribution of metacognitive and affective variables remains unexplored. Based on insights from the literature on tool use (e.g. Author 4 & Elen, 2009), this pilot study considered that learners’ usage of optional CF in CALL might additionally be determined by the perceived usefulness of CF and by learners’ achievement goal orientation. Quantitative analysis of questionnaire data in combination with tracking and logging data showed that usage of optional CF was associated with prior explicit knowledge, but no relation was found with perceived usefulness and achievement goal orientation. Future research on CF usage could benefit from qualitative in-depth analyses of learners’ perceptions and motives.

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DOI: 10.1558/cj.v30i0.22-45


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