CALICO Journal, Vol 31, No 3 (2014)

The Effects of Advance Organizers and Subtitles on EFL Learners' Listening Comprehension Skills

Hui-Yu Yang
Issued Date: 23 Sep 2014


The present research reports the findings of three experiments which explore how subtitles and advance organizers affect EFL learners' listening comprehension of authentic videos. EFL learners are randomly assigned to one of two groups. The control group receives no treatment and the experimental group receives the experimental conditions of one type of scaffolds—subtitles, unaided advance organizers and teacher-guided advance organizers. Results show that the presence of subtitles and advance organizers help EFL learners' listening comprehension of CNN news. However, there is no relationship between English proficiency and the experimental conditions. All students benefit from the scaffolding regardless of proficiency levels. Students' attitude towards certain type of scaffold is also probed and the reason why Taiwan's EFL learners prefer certain type of scaffold is also explained.

Download Media

PDF Subscribers Only

DOI: 10.11139/cj.31.3.345-373


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email:

Privacy Policy