Comparative Islamic Studies, Vol 12, No 1-2 (2016)

Female Activism and Leadership through Social Media in Egypt during the Arab Spring: Nawara Negm’s Blog

Samar Barghouthi
Issued Date: 28 Aug 2019

Abstract


This article provides a detailed analysis of the blog of an Egyptian female activist, Nawara Negm, during the critical period of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. The analysis presents the contents of the blog thematically, through identifying strategies and values and in terms of the author’s shifting terminology by undertaking a quantitative and qualitative analysis of Negm’s changing lexicon. The intersection of gender, nationalism, political activism, and Islam make this individual and her blog important examples of new spaces for the female voice in Arab Muslim contexts.

Download Media

PDF Subscribers Only

DOI: 10.1558/cis.34856

References


Abdelrahman, M. 2011. “The Transnational and the Local: Egyptian Activists and Transnational Protest Networks.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 38(3): 407–424. https://doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2011.621701

Adamic, N. F. H. 2007. “Expressing Social Relationships on the Blog through Links and Comments.” International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media. http://www.icwsm.org/papers/2--Ali-Hasan--Adamic.pdf

Alin, A. 2014. نوارة نجم تعلق على سقوط حسنى مبارك. February 14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdV5nc1BZXQ

Al Ash-Shaykh, M. 2018. “Egypt’s new controversial law Allows Monitoring of Social Media Users.” Step Feed2 Sept. 2018. https://stepfeed.com/egypt-s-new-controversial-law-allows-monitoring-of-social-media-users-8448

Ayish, S. 2010. Women Bloggers in the Arab World How New Media are Shaping Womens New Identity and Role. Masters Thesis. University of Sharjah. http://www.academia.edu/687626/Women_Bloggers_in_the_Arab_World_How_New_Media_are_Shaping_Womens_New_Identity_and_Role

Brannon, S. 2011. “Algeria Revolution 2011.” April 27. http://afterthewar.blogspot.com/2011/04/algeria-revolution-2011.html

Bassiouney, Reem 2010. “Redefining Identity through Code Choice in al-Ḥubb fī al-Manfā by Bahāʾ Ṭāhir.” Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 10: 101–118. https://doi.org/10.5617/jais.4603

Blaydes, L. El Tarouty, S. 2009. “Women’s Electoral Participation in Egypt: The Implications.” The Middle East Journal 63(3): 364–380. https://doi.org/10.3751/63.3.11

Blood, R. (2000). “Weblogs: A History and Perspective.” Rebecca’s Pocket. 7 September. http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html

Deutsche Welle (DW). 2018. “Egypt’s President el-Sissi ratifies law to monitor social media users.” News. September 2. https://www.dw.com/en/egypts-president-el-sissi-ratifies-law-to-monitor-social-media-users/a-45323038

Elsadda, H. 2010. “Arab Women Bloggers: The Emergence of Literary Counterpublics.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 312–332. https://doi.org/10.1163/187398610X538678

El-Nawawy, M. and S. Khamis. 2013. Egyptian Revolution 2.0: Political Blogging, Civic Engagement, and Citizen Journalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137020925

Freedom House 2010. “Egypt: Freedom of the Press Country Report.” https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2010/egypt Accessed Dec. 15, 2018.

Human Rights Watch. 2018. “Egypt: Activists Arrested in Dawn Raids” 18 May. https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/05/31/egypt-activists-arrested-dawn-raids

Hussaini, A. A. 2014. “Egyptian Blogger Nawara Negm Calls it Quits” Global Voices. 18 January. https://globalvoices.org/2014/01/18/egyptian-blogger-Nawara-nagem-calls-it-quits/

Iʿmārī, Muḥammad. 2011. “Nawāra Najm: Thāʾira bi wirātha.” 2 October. http://www.aljazeera.net/news/pages/1a24cc16-6292-42e6-8807-0831d337b44b

Johnson, E. 2011. “The Noise Here is Beginning to Get Comical: An Exploratory Analysis of American Political Blog Communities on Election Day 2008” SSRN Electronic Journal. 11 September. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1926156

Jackson-Brown, M. G. 2013. “Content Analysis Study of Librarian Blogs: Professional development and other uses,” First Monday. 4 September. http://www.firstmonday.dk/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/4343/3415

Miles, H. 2011. “The Al Jazeera Effect, the Inside Story of Egypt’s TV Wars and How Saudi Arabia Could be Next.” Foreign Policy. February 9. https://foreignpolicy.com/2011/02/09/the-al-jazeera-effect-2/

Mundi index. 2014. Egypt Demographics. July. http://www.indexmundi.com/egypt/demographics_profile.html

Munsif, M. A. 2013. AL Hewar al Mutamaden (Arabic). 29 March. http://www.ahewar.org/debat/show.art.asp?aid=351920

Parvaz, D. 2012. “Egypt’s Feminists Prepare for a Long Battle.” Aljazeera. 7 February. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/01/2012117113758961894.html

Radsch, C. C. 2008. “Core to Commonplace: The evolution of Egypt’s blogosphere.” Arab Media & Society 6: 1–14.

———. 2012. Unveiling the Revolutionaries: Cyberactivism and the Role of Women in the Arab Uprisings. James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy Research, Rice University. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2252556

Ramsay, G. 2012. “What kind of Arabic and Why? Language in Egyptian Blogs.” In Orientalia Suecana, edited by Helle Lykke Nielsen and Irmeli Perho, 49–87.

Riegert, K. 2015. “Understanding Popular Arab Bloggers: From Public Spheres to Cultural Citizen.” International Journal of Communication 9: 458–477.

Reporters without Borders. 2016. Press Freedom Index. https://rsf.org/en/news/egypt-falls-again-world-press-freedom-index-now-ranked-159th

Robbins, P. S. 2011. Organizational Behavior. \NJ: Prentice Hall.

Sakr, L. 2013. “A Digital Humanities Approach: Text, the Internet, and the Egyptian Uprising.” Middle East Critique 22(3): 247–263. https://doi.org/10.1080/19436149.2013.822241

Shatz, A. 2010. “Mubarak’s Last Breath.” London Review of Books,6–10.

Tan L K W, Na and Y. L. Theng. 2001. “Influence Detection Between Blog Posts Through Blog Features, Content Analysis, and Community Identity.” Online Information Review 35(3): 425–442. https://doi.org/10.1108/14684521111151450

Wisniewski, V., Saiz, I., and Donegan, K. 2011. “Egypt: Economic and Social Disparities Underlie Calls for Change.” Center for Economic and Social Rights. 4 February. http://www.cesr.org/img/cesr_header_03.gif

Walker, J. 2006. “Blogging from Inside the Ivory Tower.” In Uses of Blogs, edited by A. B. Jacobs, 127–138. New York: Peter Lang.

Wickham, C. R. (2002). Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism and Political Change in Egypt. New York: Columbia University Press.

Wikipedia ea(Arabic). “Nawara Negm.” 8 October. https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/نوارة_نجم.

Zawilinski, L. 2009. “Blogging: A Framework for Blogging to Promote Higher Order Thinking.” Reading Teacher 62: 650–661. https://doi.org/10.1598/RT.62.8.3

Website

Aljazeera. 2001. http://www.aljazeera.net/news/pages/1a24cc16-6292-42e6-8807-0831d337b44b

Nawara Negm’s Blog (Archived)

November 2, 2010. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-11-01T23:05:00%2B02:00&max-results=20

November 25, 2010. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-11-24T14:44:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

December 16, 2010. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-12-16T13:00:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

January 2, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-01-01T20:24:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

January 9, 2011 http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-01-08T20:55:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

January 16, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-01-11T12:57:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

January 17, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-01-16T21:57:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

January 25, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-01-24T15:13:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

February 6, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-02-06T20:32:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

February 15, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-02-15T00:26:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

February 16, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-02-17T12:33:00%2B02:00&-max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

February 18, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-02-15T00:26:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true&start=20&by-date=false

February 23, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-02-24T16:04:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true

February 28, 2011. http://tahyyes.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-03-05T13:09:00%2B02:00&max-results=20&reverse-paginate=true







Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email: info@equinoxpub.com

Privacy Policy