Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, Vol 11, No 1 (2014)

Exploring the role of interactional metadiscourse in the attainment of persuasion: A contrastive study of British and Iranian editorials

Leila Khabbazi-Oskouei
Issued Date: 30 Apr 2018


Starting from the assumption that there may be intercultural variations in the use of rhetorical devices in different cultures, this study focuses on ‘interactional metadiscourse’ in British and Iranian argumentation. This is achieved by using the author’s model for analysing these metadiscursive devices. To this purpose, a corpus of 32 British and Iranian newsmagazine editorials has been collected, with a view to analysing how British and Iranian editorialists use similar or different means of persuasion.
The findings suggest that these markers can be found in both sub-corpora but that there are variations as to their distribution and composition. The findings of the contrastive analysis are presented and discussed in the light of the political and cultural settings of the two sets of data.

Download Media

PDF (Price: £17.50 )

DOI: 10.1558/japl.24052


Abdollahzadeh, E. (2003) Interpersonal metadiscourse in ELT papers by Iranian and Anglo-American academic writers. Paper presented at the INGED Conference on Multiculturalism in ELT Practices: Unity and Diversity, Baskent University, Ankara.

Abdollahzadeh, E. (2007) Writers’ presence in English and Persian newspaper editorials. Paper presented at the 34th International Systemic Functional Grammar conference, Odense, Denmark.

Ädel, A. (2006) Metadiscourse in L1 and L2 English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Ädel, A. and Mauranen, A. (2010) Metadiscourse: Diverse and divided perspectives. Nordic Journal of English Studies 9 (2): 1–11.

Alkaff, A. A. R. O. (2000) Metadiscourse in Texts Produced in English by Yemeni/Arab Writers: A Writer/Reader Oriented Cross-Cultural Analysis of Letters to the Editor. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Exeter, UK.

Bolivar, A. (1994) The structure of newspaper editorials. In M. Coulthard (ed.) Advances in Written Text Analysis, 276–294. London and New York: Routledge.

Chilton, P. A. and Schäffner, C. (2002) Introduction: Themes and principles in the analysis of political discourse. In P. A. Chilton and C. Schäffner (eds) Politics and Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse, 1–43. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Crismore, A. (1984) The rhetoric of textbooks: Metadiscourse. Curriculum Studies 16 (3): 279–296.

Crismore, A. (1989) Talking with Readers: Metadiscourse as Rhetorical Act. New York: Peter Lang.

Crismore, A. and Farnsworth, R. (1989) Mr Darwin and his readers: Exploring interpersonal metadiscourse as a dimension of ethos. Rhetoric Review 8 (1): 91–112.

Crismore, A. and Farnsworth, R. (1990) Metadiscourse in popular and professional science discourse. In W. Nash (ed.) The Writing Scholar: Studies in Academic Discourse, 118–136. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Crismore, A. Markkenen, R. and Steffenden, M. (1993) Metadiscourse in persuasive writing: A study of texts written by American and Finish university students. Written Communication 10 (1): 39–71.

Curran, J. and Seaton, J. (2010) Power without Responsibility: Press, Broadcasting and the Internet in Britain. London and New York: Routledge.

Dafouz-Milne, E. (2003) Metadiscourse Revisited: A Contrastive Study of Persuasive Writing in Professional Discourse. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid.

Dafouz-Milne, E. (2008) The pragmatic role of textual and interpersonal metadiscourse markers in the construction and attainment of persuasion: A cross-linguistic study of newspaper discourse. Journal of Pragmatics 40 (1): 95–113.
El-Shiyab, S. (1990) The Structure of Argumentation in Arabic: Editorials as a Case Study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.

Hoey, M. P. (1983) On the Surface of Discourse. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Hoey, M. P. (1991) Patterns of Lexis in Text. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hoey, M. P. (2001) Textual Interaction. London and New York: Routledge.

Hunston, S. (2000) Evaluation and the planes of discourse. In S. Hunston and G. Thompson (eds) Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse, 176–207. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hyland, K. (1994) Hedging in academic writing and EAP textbooks. English for Specific Purposes 13 (3): 239–256.

Hyland, K. (1998) Persuasion and context: The pragmatics of academic metadiscourse. Journal of Pragmatics 30 (4): 437–458.

Hyland, K. (1999) Talking to students: Metadiscourse in introductory course books. English for Specific Purposes 18 (1): 3–26.

Hyland, K. (2000) Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. London: Longman.

Hyland, K. (2001) Bringing in the reader: Addressee features in academic articles. Written Communication 18 (4): 549–574.

Hyland, K. (2005) Metadiscourse: Exploring Interaction in Writing. London: Continuum.

Hyland, K. (2010) Metadiscourse: Mapping interactions in academic writing. Nordic Journal of English Studies 9 (2): 125–143.

Intaraprawat, P. (1988) Metadiscourse in Native English Speakers’ and ESL Students’ Persuasive Essays. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Illinois State University, Normal.

Intaraprawat, P. and Steffensen, M. (1995) The use of metadiscourse in good and poor ESL essays. Journal of Second Language Writing 4 (3): 253–272.

Johnstone, B. (1990) ‘Orality’ and discourse structure in Modern Standard Arabic. In M. Eid (ed.) Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics Volume I: Papers from the First Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics, 216–233. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Khabbazi-Oskouei, L. (2013) Propositional or non-propositional, that is the question: A new approach to analyzing ‘interpersonal metadiscourse’ in editorials. Journal of Pragmatics 47 (1): 93–107.

Khiabany, G. (2007) Iranian media: The paradox of modernity. Social Semiotics 17 (4): 479–501.

Khiabany, G. (2008) The Iranian press, state, and civil society. In M. Semati (ed.) Media, Culture and Society in Iran: Living with Globalization and the Islamic State, 17–36. London: Routledge.

Lakoff, R. T. (1990) Talking Power: The Politics of Language in our Lives. New York: Basic Books.

Le, E. (2004) Active participation within written argumentation: Metadiscourse and editorialists’ authority. Journal of Pragmatics 36 (4): 687–714.

Martin, J. R. and Rose, D. (2003) Working with Discourse. London: Continuum.

Mauranen, A. (1993) Cultural Differences in Academic Rhetoric: A Textlinguistic Study. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Mauranen, A. (2003) ‘But here’s a flawed argument’: Socialisation into and through metadiscourse. Language and Computers 46 (1): 19–34.

Mauranen, A. (2010) Discourse reflexivity – A discourse universal? The case of ELF. Nordic Journal of English Studies 9 (2): 13–40.

Ong, W. J. (1982) Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge.

Petley, J. (1999) The regulation of media content. In J. Stokes and A. Reading (eds) The Media in Britain: Current Debates and Developments, 143–157. London: Macmillan.

Semati, M. (2008) Living with globalization and the Islamic state: An introduction to media, culture, and society in Iran. In M. Semati (ed.) Media, Culture and Society in Iran: Living with Globalization and the Islamic State, 1–13. London: Routledge.

Sparks, C. (1999) The press. In J. Stokes and A. Reading (eds) The Media in Britain: Current Debates and Developments, 41–60. London: Macmillan.

Van Dijk, T. (1995) Opinions and Ideologies in editorials. Paper presented at the Fourth International Symposium of Critical Discourse Analysis: Language, Social Life and Critical Thought, Athens, Greece.

Vande Kopple, W. J. (1985) Some exploratory discourse on metadiscourse. College Composition and Communication 36 (1): 82–93.

Vande Kopple, W. J. (2002) Metadiscourse, discourse, and issues in composition and rhetoric. In E. L. Barton and G. Stygall (eds) Discourse Studies in Composition, 91–113. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Williams, J. M. (1981) Style: Ten Lessons in Clarity and Grace. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email:

Privacy Policy