Journal for the Academic Study of Religion, Vol 29, No 1 (2016)

‘Religions of Practice’: The Case of Japanese Religions

Douglas Ezzy
Issued Date: 30 Aug 2016

Abstract


‘Religions of practice’ are religions that prioritize ritual practice, with little concern for creeds and belief. In these religions, ethical obligations are communicated through ritual practices and aesthetic responses to symbols. Some theories of religion characterize ritual practice and religious aesthetics as secondary outcomes of religious belief. Such characterizations misunderstand the significance of religious ritual practice. A neo-Durkheimian theory of religion that examines ritual practice alongside belief provides a more sophisticated understanding of religious experience. A range of ethnographies of Japanese religions are reviewed to illustrate the argument. Aesthetics and ritual performance are central to many Japanese religions. These generate a strong sense of relational and communal entwinement and are associated with an ambivalent or pluralistic moral ontology.

Download Media

PDF (Price: £17.50 )

DOI: 10.1558/jasr.v29i1.30306

References


Alexander, Jeffrey
2010 Iconic Consciousness: The Material Feeling of Meaning. Thesis Eleven 103(1): 10-25.
Alexander, Jeffrey
2012 Trauma: A Social Theory. Polity, Cambridge.
Ammerman, Nancy
2014 Sacred Stories, Spiritual Tribes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Ammerman, Nancy.
1997 Golden rule Christianity: lived religion in the American mainstream. In Lived Religion in America, edited by David Hall, 196-216. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Asad, Talal
2003 Formations of the secular: Christianity, Islam, modernity. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Aune, Kristin
2015 Feminist Spirituality as Lived Religion: How UK Feminists Forge Religio-spiritual Lives. Gender & Society 29(1): 122-145
Baffelli, Erica, and Reader, Ian
2012 Editor’s Introduction. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 39(1): 1-28.
Bathgate, Michael
2004 The fox's craft in Japanese religion and folklore shapeshifters, transformations and duplicities. Routledge, New York.
Bell, Catherine
1992 Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bellah, Robert N. 2005. “Durkheim and ritual.” In The Cambridge Companion to Durkheim, edited by Jeffrey C. Alexander and Philip Smith, 183-211. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Bourdieu, Pierre
1977 Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge university press.
Breen, John. 2010. Resurrecting the Sacred Land of Japan. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 37(2): 295-315.
Butler, Judith
2004 Precarious Life. Verso, London.
Collins, Peter
2009 Religion and Ritual. In The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion, edited by Peter Clarke, 671-687. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Csordas, Thomas
1994 The Sacred Self: A Cultural Phenomenology of Charismatic Healing. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Davie, Grace
1994 Religion in Britain since 1945: Believing without belonging. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.
Davies, Roger, J. and Ikeno, Osamu
2002 The Japanese Mind. Tuttle Publishing, Manta.
Douglas, Mary
1982 Natural Symbols. Pantheon Books, New York.
Durkheim, Emile
1976 The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. Trans. Joseph Swain. Allen and Unwin: London [first published in 1912, F. Alcan, Paris].
Fitzgerald, Timothy.
2004 The Religion-Secular Dichotomy: A Response to Responses Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies. http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/discussionpapers/Fitzgerald2.html
Grimes, Ronald
2014 The Craft of Ritual Studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Harvey, Graham
2013 Food, Sex and Strangers: Redefining Religion. Equinox, London.
Herbert, Jean
1967 Shinto: at the fountain-head of Japan. Stein and Day, New York:.
Imanishi, Kinji
2002 A Japanese View of Nature The World of Living Things. Translated by Pamela J. Asquith, Heita Kawakatm, Shusuke Yogi and Hiroyuki Takasaki Edited and introduced by Pamela J. Asquith. RoutledgeCurzon, London.
Josephson, Jason. A
2012 The Invention of Religion in Japan. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Jun’ichi, Isomae
2005 Deconstructing ‘Japanese Religion’. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 32(2): 235-248.
Kasulis, Thomas, P
2004 Shinto. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Kawano, Satsuki
2005 Ritual Practice in Modern Japan: Ordering Place, People, and Action. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Kisala, Robert, & Mullins, Mark (eds)
2001 Religion and social crisis in Japan. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
McGuire, Meredith
2008 Lived Religion. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Mellor, Philip, and Chris Shilling
1997 Re-forming the Body: Religion, community and modernity. Sage, London.
Mellor, Philip, and Shilling, Chris
2010 The Religious Habitus. In The New Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion, edited by Bryan Turner, 201-220. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.
Michiaki, Okuyama
2000 Approaches East and West to the History of Religions. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 27(1): 99-114.
Hitoshi, Miyake
2001 Shugendo: Essays on the structure of Japanese folk religion. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Nelson, John K.
2000 Enduring Identities: The Guise of Shinto in Contemporary Japan. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.
Reader, Ian
1991 Religion in Contemporary Japan. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.
Reader, Ian
2004 Ideology, Academic Inventions and Mystical Anthropology. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies. http://www.japanesestudies.org.uk/discussionpapers/Reader.html
Reader, Ian
2006 Making pilgrimages: Meaning and practice in Shikoku. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.
Reader, Ian, and Tanabe, George
1998 Practically Religious: Worldly Benefits and the Common Religion of Japan. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.
Repp, Martin
2011 Religion and Violence in Japan: The Case of Aum Shinrikyo. In Violence and New Religious Movements, edtited by James R. Lewis, 147-172. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Riis, Ole. and Linda Woodhead
2010 A Sociology of Religious Emotion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schattschneider, Elle
2003 Immortal Wishes: Labor and Transcendence on a Japanese Sacred Mountain. Duke University Press, Durham.
Schnell, Scott.
1999 The Rousing Drum: Ritual practice in a Japanese community. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.
Schnell, Scott
2006 Book Review of Satsuki Kawano, Ritual Practice in Modern Japan. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 33(1): 178-181.
Seligman, Adam, Robert P. Weller, Michael Puett, and Bennett Simon.
2008 Ritual and Its Consequences: An Essay on the Limits of Sincerity. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Smith, Jonathan Z
1982 Imagining Religion: From Babylon to Jonestown. University of Chicago Press Chicago.
Smyers, Karen
1999 The Fox and the Jewel: Shared and private meanings in contemporary Japanese Inari Worship. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Teeuwen, Mark, and Scheid, Bernhard
2002 Tracing Shinto in the History of Kami Worship. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 29(3): 195-207.
Vásquez, Manuel
2011 More than Belief. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Voas, David., & Crockett, Alasdair.
2005 Religion in Britain: Neither believing nor belonging. Sociology, 39(1): 11-28.
Weber, Max
1978 Economy and society: An outline of interpretive sociology (Vol. 1). University of California Press, Berkeley.
Yui, Tsunehiko
1993 Economic Development and Ethics in Japan. In Business Ethics: Japan and the Global Economy, edited by Thomas Dunfee and Yukimasa Nagayasu, 225-275. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email: info@equinoxpub.com

Privacy Policy