Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol 17, No 2 (2004)

Athens and Jerusalem in the Third Millennium

Alexander H. Joffe
Issued Date: 19 Feb 2007


This paper sets out a systematic approach to using comparative methods in the archaeological study of complex societies. Three scales of comparison are indicated—micro, meso, and macro—corresponding roughly to the site, regional/cultural, and historical/evolutionary levels. While there is obvious overlap, each level has appropriate sets of methods and expectations, and each needs to be integrated in a sequential or hierarchical fashion. Examples of these levels are taken from early third millennium Greece and the Levant. A larger goal is to illustrate how comparison of superficially similar pre- and proto-historic cultures may aid in the study of dramatically different historic societies.

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DOI: 10.1558/jmea.v17i2.247


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