Bulletin for the Study of Religion, Vol 40, No 2 (2011)

The Islamophobic History of the United States

Edward E. Curtis IV
Issued Date: 5 Jun 2011


This article offers an history survey of Islamophobic attitudes in the United States. It locates the roots of Islamophobia in colonial views of the Muslim Anti-Christ, early republican fears of the Barbary pirates and Oriental despotism, antebellum fascination with Muslim American slaves, and nineteenth-century fantasies of the Turkish harem. The article also explains how the functions and meanings of Islamophobia have changed during the Cold War and post-Cold War eras, emphasizing the clash of interests that developed between Muslim political groups abroad and U.S. foriegn policy after 9/11.

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DOI: 10.1558/bsor.v40i2.006


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