Comparative Islamic Studies, Vol 10, No 2 (2014)

Social Contract Theory in Islamic Sources?

Ulrika Martensson
Issued Date: 24 Mar 2017

Download Media




Al-Ṭabarī’s History: cited here as (HT: volume no.) from the English translation The History of al-Ṭabarī, 40 vols. New York: State University of New York Press.

HT I: General Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood, translated by Franz Rosenthal, 1989.

HT II: Prophets and Patriarchs, translated by William M. Brinner, 1987.

HT III: The Children of Israel, translated by William M. Brinner, 1991.

HT V: The Sāsānids, the Byzantines, the Lakhmids, and Yemen, translated by C. E. Bosworth, 1999.

HT IIIVII: The ‘Abbāsid Recovery, translated by Philip M. Fields, 1987.

Guillaume, Alfred. 1995. The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul Allah. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Secondary sources

Abdul Rauf, Muhammad. 1967. “Some notes on the Qurʾanic use of the terms Islām and Imān.” The Muslim World 57: 94–102.

Arjomand, Saïd Amir. 2009. “The Constitution of Medina: A sociolegal interpretation of Muhammad’s Acts of Foundation of the Umma.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 41: 555–575.

Berger, Morroe. 1970. Islam in Egypt Today: Social and Political Aspects of Popular Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Donner, Fred. 2010. Muhammad and the Believers: At the Origins of Islam. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.

Encyclopædia Britannica. “Social contract.” Encyclopædia Britannica Online,, 23.11.2016

Hansen, Stig Jarle. 2013. Al-Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kadi, Wadad. 2003. “The primordial covenant and human history in the Qurʾan.” Proceedings of the American Oriental Society 147(4): 332–338.

Marsham, Andrew. 2009. Rituals of Islamic Monarchy: Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Mårtensson, Ulrika. 2009. Tabari: Makers of Islamic Civilization. Oxford: Centre for Islamic Studies/Oxford University Press.

———. 2011. “It’s the economy, stupid! Al-Ṭabarī’s analysis of the free-rider problem in the Abbasid Caliphate.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 54: 203–238.

———. 2016. “Al-Ṭabarī’s concept of the Qurʾan: A systemic analysis.” Journal of Qurʾanic Studies 18(2): 9–57.

Vali, Abbas. 1993. Pre-Capitalist Iran: A Theoretical History. London: I.B. Tauris.

Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email:

Privacy Policy