Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, Vol 1, No 2 (2014)

The Asymmetries of Symmetrical Archaeology

Ian Hodder
Issued Date: 26 Jan 2015

Download Media

PDF (Price: £17.50 )

DOI: 10.1558/jca.v1i2.26674


Alberti, B., S. Fowles, M. Holbraad, Y. Marshall and C. Witmore. 2011. “Worlds Otherwise. Archaeology, Anthropology and Ontological Difference.” Current Anthropology 52(6): 896–912.

Aldred, O. 2012. “Mobile Communities: The Gathering and Sorting of Sheep in Skútustaðarhreppur, Northeast Iceland.” International Journal of Historical Archaeology 16(3): 488–508.

Andreassen, E., H. Bjerck and B. Olsen. 2010. Persistent Memories: Pyramiden, A Soviet Mining Town in the High Arctic. Trondheim, Norway: Tapir Academic Press.

Bahn, P. 2000. Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Barad, K. 2007. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Benjamin, W. 1968. “Theses on the Philosophy of History.” In Illuminations, by W. Benjamin, H. Arendt and H. Zohn. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Bennett, J. 2010. Vibrant Matter: A Political Ecology of Things. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Benso, S. 2000. The Face of Things: A Different Side of Ethics. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Bogost, I. 2010. “Materialisms: The Stuff of Things is Many.” In Ian Bogost – Videogame Theory, Criticism, Design. Online at:

____. 2012. Alien Phenomenology, or, What it’s Like to Be a Thing. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Braidwood, R. J. 1958. “Vere Gordon Childe, 1892–1957.” American Anthropologist 60(4): 733–736.

Brassier, R., I. H. Grant, G. Harman and Q. Meillassoux. 2007. “Speculative Realism.” In Collapse III: Unknown Deleuze, edited by R. Mackay, 307–450. Oxford: Urbanomic.

Bryant, L. 2011a. The Democracy of Objects. Ann Arbor, MI: Open Humanities Press.

____. 2011b. “Construction and Materialism. Larvel Subjects.” In Larval Subjects. Online at:

____. 2012. “Relata do not Precede Relations.” In Larval Subjects. Online at:

____., N. Srnicek and G. Harman, 2011. The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism. Melbourne:

Cherry, J. F. 2003. “Regional Survey and its Future.” In Theory and practice in Mediterranean Archaeology: Old World and New World Perspectives, edited by J. K. Papadopoulos and R. M. Leventhal, 137–159. Los Angeles, CA: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology.

Childe, V. G. 1944. Progress and Archaeology. London: Watts.

Coole, D. H. and S. Frost. 2010. New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

DeLanda, M. 2002. Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy. London: Continuum.

____. 2006. A New Philosophy of Society. London: Continuum.

Dolphijn, R. and I. van der Tuin. 2012. New Materialism Interviews & Cartographies. Ann Arbor, MI: Open Humanities Press.

Dolwick, J. 2012. The Social Shaping of Steamboats. PhD Diss., University of Southampton.

Domanska, E. 2006. “The Return to Things.” Archaeologia Polona 44: 171–185.

____. 2010. “Beyond Anthropocentrism in Historical Studies.” Historein 10: 118–130.

Dupuy, J. P. 1990. “Tangled Hierarchies: Self-reference in Philosophy, Anthropology, and Critical Theory.” Comparative Criticism 12: 105–123.

Edgeworth, M. 1991/2003. The Act of Discovery: An Ethnography of the Subject-Object Relation in Archaeological Practice. PhD Diss., Durham University. Online at: Published in 2003 as Acts of Discovery: An Ethnography of an Archaeological Excavation. BAR International Series 1131. Oxford: Archaeopress.

____. 2012. “Follow the Cut, Follow the Rhythm, Follow the Material.” Norwegian Archaeological Review 45(1): 76–92.

Flannery, K. 1967. “Culture History v. Culture Process: A Debate in American Archaeology.” Scientific American 217: 119–122.

Fleck, G. 1973. A Computer Perspective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Gell, A. 1998. Art and Agency: An Anthropological Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Given, M. 2013. “Commotion, Collaboration, Conviviality: Mediterranean Survey and the Interpretation of Landscape.” Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 26(1): 3–26.

González-Ruibal, A. 2006. “The Past is Tomorrow: Towards an Archaeology of the Vanishing Present.” Norwegian Archaeological Review 39(2): 110–125.

____. 2008. “Time to Destroy: An Archaeology of Supermodernity.” Current Anthropology 49(2): 247–279.

____. 2013a, ed. Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. 2013b. “Returning to Where We have Never Been: Excavating the Ruins of Modernity.” In Ruin Memories: Materialities, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past, edited by B. Olsen and Þ. Pétursdóttir. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Gosden, C. 2005. “What Do objects Want?” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 12: 193–211.

Gould, R. A. and M. B. Schiffer. 1981. Modern Material Culture: The Archaeology of Us. New York: Academic Press.

Grosz, E. 2001. Architecture from the Outside: Essays on Virtual and Real Space. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gumbrecht, H. U. 2004. Production of Presence: What Meaning Cannot Convey. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Harman, G. 2009. Prince of Networks: Bruno Latour and Metaphysics. Melbourne:

____. 2010. Towards Speculative Realism: Essays and Lectures. Winchester, UK: Zero Books.

____. 2011a. The Quadruple Object. Winchester, UK: Zero Books.

____. 2011b. Response to Shaviro. In The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism, edited by L. Bryant, N. Srnicek and G. Harman, 291–303. Melbourne:

Harris, E. 1989. Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy (2nd edition). London and New York: Academic Press.

Harrison, R. 2011. “Surface Assemblages: Towards an Archaeology in and of the Present.” Archaeological Dialogues 18(2): 141–161.

____. 2013a. Heritage: Critical Approaches. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. 2013b. “Reassembling Ethnographic Museum Collections.” In Reassembing the Collection: Ethnographic Museums and Indigenous Agency, edited by R. Harrison, S. Byrne and A. Clarke, 3–35. Santa Fe, NM: School for Advanced Research Press.

____. and J. Schofield. 2010. After Modernity: Archaeological Approaches to the Contemporary Past. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hawkes, J. 1982. Adventurer in Archaeology: The Biography of Sir Mortimer Wheeler. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Hingley, R. 2011. “Living Landscape: Reading Hadrian’s Wall.” Landscapes 2: 41–62.

Hodder, I. 2011. “Human-Thing Entanglement: Towards an Integrated Archaeological Perspective.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 17: 154–177.

____. 2012. Entangled: An Archaeology of the Relationships between Humans and Things. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Holtorf, C. 2009. “On the Possibility of Time Travel.” Lund Archaeological Review 15: 31–41.

Ingold, T. 2007a. “Materials Against Materiality.” Archaeological Dialogues 14(1): 1–16.

____. 2007b. Lines: A Brief History. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. 2011. Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. 2012a. “Toward an Ecology of Materials.” Annual Review of Anthropology 41: 427–442.

____. 2012b. “No More Ancient, No More Human: The Future Past of Archaeology and Anthropology. In Archaeology and Anthropology: Past, Present and Future, edited by D. Shankland, 77–89. London: Berg.

____. 2013. Making: Anthropology, Archaeology, Art and Architecture. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. and E. Hallam 2014. “Making and Growing: An Introduction. In Making and Growing: Anthropological Studies of Organisms and Artefacts, edited by E. Hallam and T. Ingold, 1–24. Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

Irigaray, L. 1999. The Forgetting of Air in Martin Heidegger. Translated by M. B. Mader. London: Athlone.

Jones, A. 2007. Memory and Material Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Joyce, R. 2011. “‘What Eludes Speech’: A Dialogue with Webb Keane.” Journal of Social Archaeology 11(2): 158–170.

Keane, W. 2006. “Subjects and Objects.” In Handbook of Material Culture, edited by C. Tilley, E. Keane, S. Küchler, M. Rowlands and P. Spyer, 197–202. London: SAGE.

Knappett, C. 2012. “Materiality.” In Archaeological Theory Today (2nd edition), edited by I. Hodder, 188–207. Cambridge: Polity.

____. and L. Malaforis. 2008. Material Agency: Towards a Non-Anthropocentric Approach. New York: Springer.

LaMotta, V. A. 2012. “Behavioral Archaeology.” In Archaeological Theory Today (2nd edition), edited by I. Hodder, 62–92. Cambridge: Polity.

Latour, B. 1993. We Have Never Been Modern. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

____. 1999. Pandora’s Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

____. 2003. “The Promises of Constructivism.” In Chasing Technoscience. Matrix for Materiality, edited by D. Idhe and E. Selinger, 27–46. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

____. 2005. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

____. 2007. The Recall of Modernity—Anthropological Approaches. Cultural Studies Review 13(1): 11–30.

____. 2008. “‘It’s the Development, Stupid!’ or How to Modernize Modernization?” Revue Électronique des Sciences Humaines et Sociales. Online at:

____., G. Harman and P. Erdélyi, 2011. The Prince and the Wolf: Latour and Harman at the LSE. Winchester, UK: Zero Books.

Law, J. and A. Mol. 2002. Complexities: Social Studies of Knowledge Practices. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Lazzari, M. and M. A. Korstanje. 2013. “The Past as a Lived Space: Heritage Places, Discursive Traps, and Hopeful Practices in NW Argentina.” Journal of Social Archaeology, 13(3): 1–26.

Leroi-Gourhan, A. 1943. L'Homme et la matière. Paris: Michel.

Lolos, Y. 1997. “The Hadrianic Aqueduct of Corinth.” Hesperia 66(2): 271–314.

Lowenthal, D. 1988. The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lucas, G. 2012. Understanding the Archaeological Record. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Malafouris, L. 2010. “The Cognitive Life of Things: Archaeology, Material Engagement and the Extended Mind.” In The Cognitive Life of Things: Recasting the Boundaries of the Mind, edited by L. Malafouris and C. Renfrew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Margulis, L. and D. Sagan. 1995. What is Life? New York: Simon & Schuster.

____., K. V. Schwartz and M. F. Dolan. 1999. Diversity of Life: The Illustrated Guide to the Five Kingdoms (2nd edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Marshall, Y. and B. Alberti. 2014. “A Matter of Difference: Karen Barad, Ontology and Archaeological Bodies.” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 24(1): 19–36.

Marx, K. 1973. Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. Translated by Martin Nicolaus. London: Pelican Books.

McGuire, R. 2009. Archaeology as Political Action. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Meillassoux, Q. 2008. After Finitude: An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency. Translated by Ray Brassier. London: Continuum.

Mills, B. and W. Walker. 2008. Memory Work: Archaeologies of Material Practices. Santa Fe, NM: School for Advanced Research Press.

Mills, M. 2013. The Cloud Begins With Coal. Digital Power Group. Online at:

Minter, A. 2013. Junkyard Planet. New York: Bloomsbury Press.

Mol, A. 2008. The Logic of Care. London: Routledge.

Normark, J. 2010a. “Involutions of Materiality: Operationalizing a Neo-materialist Perspective through the Causeways at Ichmul and Yo’okop.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 17(2): 132–173.

____. 2010b. “Face/Off: A Neomaterialistic Study of the Face.” In Making Sense of Things: Archaeologies of Sensory Perception, edited by F. Fahlander and A. Klellström, 69–82. Stockholm: Stockholm University.

Olivier, L. 2011. The Dark Abyss of Time: Archaeology and Memory. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.

Olsen, B. 2007. “Keeping Things at Arm’s Length: A Genealogy of Asymmetry.” World Archaeology 39(4): 579–588.

____. 2010. In Defense of Things: Archaeology and the Ontology of Objects. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.

____. 2012a. “After Interpretation: Remembering Archaeology.” Current Swedish Archaeology 20: 11–34.

____. 2012b. “Symmetrical Archaeology.” In Archaeological Theory Today (2nd edition), edited by I. Hodder, 208–228. Cambridge: Polity.

____., M. Shanks, T. Webmoor and C. Witmore. 2012. Archaeology: The Discipline of Things. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Pearson, M. and M. Shanks. 2001. Theatre/Archaeology. London: Routledge.

Pétursdóttir, Þ. 2012. “Small Things Forgotten Now Included, or What Else Do Things Deserve?” International Journal of Historical Archaeology 16(3): 577–603.

____. 2013. “Concrete Matters: Ruins of Modernity and the Things called Heritage.” Journal of Social Archaeology 13(1) 31–53.

Preda, A. 1999. “The Turn to Things: Arguments for a Sociological Theory of Things.” Sociological Quarterly 40(2): 347–366.

Rathje, W. L. 1979. “Modern Material Culture Studies.” Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 2: 1–37.

____., M. Shanks and C. Witmore. 2013. Archaeology in the Making: Conversations through a Discipline. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Ryzewski, K., ed. 2009. Experience, Modes of Engagement, Archaeology. Special issue of Archaeologies 5(3).

Schiffer, M. B. 1976. Behavioral Archaeology. New York: Academic Press.

____. 1987. Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.

____. with A. R. Miller. 1999. The Material Life of Human Beings: Artifacts, Behavior, and Communication. London: Routledge.

Shanks, M. 1992. Experiencing the Past: On the Character of Archaeology. London: Routledge.

____. 2012. The Archaeological Imagination. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

____. 2013. “Let Me Tell You About Hadrian’s Wall…” Heritage, Performance, Design. Amsterdam: Reinwardt Academy.

Shapiro, J. A. 1988. “Bacteria as Multicellular Organisms.” Scientific American. 258(6): 82–89.

Shaviro, S. 2009. Without Criteria: Kant, Whitehead, Deleuze, and Aesthetics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Simondon, G. 1980 [1958] On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects. Translated by Ninian Mellamphy. London, ON: University of Western Ontario.

Skibo, J. M. and M. B. Schiffer. 2009. People and Things: A Behavioral Approach to Material Culture. New York: Springer.

Smith, D. K. 2010. Unearthing Cognitive Frames and Sowing Interactional Framing within Indigenous-Mining Conflict. PhD Diss., George Mason University.

Solli, B., M. Burström, E. Domanska, M. Edgeworth, A. González-Ruibal, C. Holtorf, G. Lucas, T. Oestigaard, L. Smith and C. Witmore. 2011. “Some Reflections on Heritage and Archaeology in the Anthropocene.” Norwegian Archaeology Review 44(1): 40–88.

Spuybroek, L. 2011. The Sympathy of Things: Ruskin and the Ecology of Design. Rotterdam: V2_.

Stengers, I. 2005. “Introductory Notes on an Ecology of Practices.” Cultural Studies Review 11(1) 183–196.

____. 2011. “Wondering about Materialism.” In The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism, edited by L. Bryant, N. Srnicek and G. Harman, 368–380. Melbourne:

Tilley, C. 2004. The Materiality of Stone: Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology 1. Oxford: BERG.

____. 2007. “Materiality in Materials.” Archaeological Dialogues 14: 16–20.

Trentmann, F. 2009. “Materiality in the Future of History: Things, Practices, and Politics.” Journal of British Studies 48: 283–307.

Walker, W. and L. Brown. 2008: “Prologue Archaeology, Animism and Nonhuman Agents.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 15(4): 297–299.

Webmoor, T. 2012a. “STS, Symmetry, Archaeology.” In The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World, edited by P. Graves-Brown, R. Harrison and A. Piccini, 105–120, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

____. 2012b. “An Archaeological Metaphysics of Care: On the Isotopy of the Past(s), Epistemography and Our Heritage Ecologies.” In Modern Materials: Proceedings from the Contemporary and Historical Archaeology in Theory Conference 2009, edited by B. Fortenberry and L. McAtackney, 13–23. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

____. and C. Witmore. 2008. “Things Are Us! A Commentary on Human/Things Relations under the Banner of a ‘Social’ Archaeology.” Norwegian Archaeology Review 41(1): 53–70.

Wheeler, R. E. M. 1954. Archaeology from the Earth. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.

Whitehead, A. N. 1978 [1929]. Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. New York: Free Press.

Wilson Nightingale, A. 2004. Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria in its Cultural Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Witmore, C. 2004. “On Multiple Fields. Between the Material World and Media: Two Cases from the Peloponnesus, Greece.” Archaeological Dialogues 11(2): 133–164.

____. 2006. “Vision, Media, Noise and the Percolation of Time: Symmetrical Approaches to the Mediation of the Material World.” Journal of Material Culture 11(3): 267–292.

____. 2007. “Landscape, Time, Topology: An Archaeological Account of the Southern Argolid Greece.” In Envisioning Landscape: Situations and Standpoints in Archaeology and Heritage, edited by D. Hicks, G. Fairclough and L. McAtackney, 194–225. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

____. 2009. “Prolegomena to Open Pasts: On Archaeological Memory Practices.” Archaeology, Experience, Modes of Engagement. Archaeologies 5(3): 511–545.

____. 2011. “Interview: Jonas Žakaitis Talks with Christopher Witmore.” The Federal 2: 11–20.

____. 2012a. “The Realities of the Past.” In Modern Materials: Proceedings from the Contemporary and Historical Archaeology in Theory Conference 2009, edited by B. Fortenberry and L. McAtackney, 25–36. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

____. 2012b. “The Adventure of Ideas.” Norwegian Archaeology Review 45(1): 103–106.

____. 2013. “Which Archaeology? A Question of Chronopolitics.” In Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity, edited by A. González-Ruibal, 130–144. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

____. and M. Shanks. 2013. “Archaeology: An Ecology of Practices.” In Archaeology in the Making: Conversations through a Discipline. edited by W. Rathje, M. Shanks and C. Witmore, 380–398. London: Routledge.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email: [email protected]

Privacy Policy