Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism, Vol. 4. No 1 - 2 (2013) : Women and Freemasonry

Women’s Freemasonry in the Age of Enlightenment - Stereotypes on the Right and the Left

Margaret C. Jacob
Issued Date: 30 Dec 2014


This paper examines the reactions that women in freemasonry have received from both the left and the right. Neither side seems to have a very clear understanding and sexism lurks in many of these assessments. It then turns to what is now known about women in the eighteenth century European freemasonry with the proviso that there is still a great deal that we do not know about women’s involvement in the lodges. Perhaps only for France do we have a fairly detailed picture of where the lodges of adoption could be found and the nature of their membership.

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DOI: 10.1558/jrff.v4i1.11


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