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17. A Survey of the EB IV Presence in Jordan

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1. Title Title of document 17. A Survey of the EB IV Presence in Jordan - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Burton MacDonald; St Francis Xavier University; Canada
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant; Suzanne Richard; interconnectivity in the Levant; Chalcolithic; Middle Bronze Age; first urban period in Palestine
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
6. Description Abstract Suzanne Richard’s work in Jordan has centered on Early Bronze IV presence at Khirbat Iskandar in west-central Jordan. What her work at the site has emphasized is the sedentary and agrarian component of EB IV presence there. Her findings, when combined with the well-documented pastoral-nomadic populations of EB IV, provide a balanced perspective on the peoples of the period (Richard et al. 2010: 1). Moreover, not only does Richard’s work affirm the agrarian component of the EB IV population, it also illuminates strong ties with antecedent Early Bronze Age traditions. She concludes that her findings support the view that the Early Bronze Age was one continuous tradition with continuity from EB I to EB IV, that is, from ca. 3600 to 2000 BCE (Richard et al. 2010: 5, 278). This is in line with similar findings at other sites in Jordan especially in the Jordan Valley, in the area between Wadi Zarqa and Khirbat Iskandar, on the Karak Plateau, and in the Southern Ghors and Northeast `Arabah and in Wadi Fidan. To the west, in the Negev and Sinai such presence is also found. This is in contrast to lack of such presence on the southern Transjordan Plateau and in the Southeast `Arabah. This paper will look at both where EB IV sedentary and agrarian presence is evident and where it is not.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 08-Nov-2021
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37738
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd