CALICO Journal, Vol 26, No 1 (2009)

Empirical CALL evaluation: The Relationship Between Learning Process and Learning Outcome

Qing Ma
Issued Date: 7 Aug 2014


CALL evaluation is important because it is the most efficient means to prove CALL effectiveness. While both learning process and learning outcome should be investigated in empirical evaluation, the precise relationship between the two needs to be examined closely. Only by doing so can we identify useful CALL design features that facilitate relevant user-computer interaction which can lead to an improved learning outcome. This study examined how certain user actions can affect or predict receptive/productive vocabulary retention in a computer-assisted vocabulary learning (CAVL) program. Results showed that only the user actions which contributed to identifiable levels of vocabulary processing--those at which (a) the initial meaning-form mappings of the vocabulary items are established and (b) the vocabulary items are practiced in different contexts--significantly accounted for vocabulary retention. In addition, user actions accounted for receptive vocabulary retention better than for productive vocabulary retention.

Download Media

PDF Subscribers Only

DOI: 10.1558/cj.v26i1.108-122


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Equinox Publishing Ltd - 415 The Workstation 15 Paternoster Row, Sheffield, S1 2BX United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0)114 221-0285 - Email: [email protected]

Privacy Policy