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1. Title Title of document Indigenization - AoL East and West
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Inga Bårdsen Tøllefsen; University of Tromsø.; Norway
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Milda Ališauskienė; Vytautas Magnus University; Lithuania
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country James R. Lewis; University of Tromsø; Norway
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religious Studies
4. Subject Keyword(s) Indigenization; New Religious Movements; guru devotion
6. Description Abstract The question of how imported religions adapt to Western culture is a question of ‘indigenization,’ an area of study traditionally focused on Christianity’s adaptation to the cultures of missionized societies. In her fieldwork, Tøllefsen observed that strong guru devotion (guru puja: literally, guru ‘worship’) – which is an important component of AoL in India – is quite muted in Norway, and is not a part of most Norwegian adherents’ practice. AoL has successfully presented Sudarshan Kriya as a ‘scientific’ technique (Tøllefsen 2011), stripped clean of most of its original Hindu religious associations. With respect to gender issues in particular, we will seek to understand how AoL has adapted to Western – and more specifically Nordic – norms of gender equality. Have women been able to rise to positions of leadership in the Art of Living Foundation or have they been expected to assume traditional roles? The top leadership of AoL India appears to be all male while the leadership in Norway is more balanced. Does this pattern carry over to other European countries?
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Oct-2024
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.22338
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; AoL East and West
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) international,
Norway; India
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd