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5. On the Applicability of Environmental and Ethnographic Reference Frames: An Example from the High-latitude Seascapes of Norway and Tierra del Fuego


 
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1. Title Title of document 5. On the Applicability of Environmental and Ethnographic Reference Frames: An Example from the High-latitude Seascapes of Norway and Tierra del Fuego - Marine Ventures
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Heidi Breivik; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Hein Bjerck; Norwegian university of science and technology (NTNU); Norway
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country A. Francisco J. Zangrando; Laboratorio de Antropologíia, Centro Austral de Investigaciones Cientíificas, CONICET
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Ernesto Piana; Laboratorio de Antropologíia, Centro Austral de Investigaciones Cientíificas, CONICET
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Hunter-Gatherer Models; Boat-Using Groups; Cold Environments
 
6. Description Abstract Predictions about hunter-gatherer behavior are often derived from ethnographically documented cases coupled with environmental data. These predictive models are, however, largely based on pedestrian hunter-gatherers with a terrestrial subsistence strategy. We explore if these reference frames are applicable also to boat-using marine foragers in high-latitude seascapes by studying the mobility patterns of the marine foragers of Early Mesolithic central Norway, and the “canoe people” of southern Tierra del Fuego. Through archaeological environmental measures we find that both groups practiced a residential mobility type (forager strategy) with occasional logistical expeditions (collector strategy). Both had a narrow foraging radius and moved frequently, but returned to the same places. The mobility practiced by our marine foragers challenge the predictive hunter-gatherer models: In cold environments, forager behavior seems to be rare and long distance residential moves are expected. A high mobility frequency is found when food abundance is low, and extreme reuse of settlements is associated with an uneven distribution of critical resources. These factors do not seem to have structured the mobility of our foragers in the predicted way. The study entices us conclude that adaptive behavior among boat-using marine foragers in high-latitude seascapes does indeed follow a different set of rules than the land-based predictive models present.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Nov-2016
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/24553
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.24553
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Marine Ventures
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) international,
neolithic; historical;
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd