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24. Kayaks and Chaloupes: Labrador Inuit and the Seascapes of Inter‐Cultural Contact

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1. Title Title of document 24. Kayaks and Chaloupes: Labrador Inuit and the Seascapes of Inter‐Cultural Contact - Marine Ventures
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Lisa Rankin; Memorial University, Canada;
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Amanda Crompton; Memorial University, Canada;
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) Inuit; Labrador; Contact; Trade; Economy
6. Description Abstract By the 16th century the Inuit had colonized much of the Labrador coast. In southern Labrador Inuit had access to plentiful marine resources, but they were also drawn to this region by the seasonal presence of Basque and French fishers and whalers with whom they traded and raided for a variety of European commodities. What began as opportunistic exchanges soon developed into an increasingly elaborate seasonal venture which had to be worked into their seasonal round. By the 18th century such trade was a substantial marine venture. Inuit produced and prepared surplus marine products such as baleen, sea mammal furs and oils which they exchanged for commodities such as iron, ceramics and if possible, boats. Goods were transported to and from communities along the Labrador coast by sea, and much of the trading (and raiding) took place aboard European vessels. This intensive annual trading cycle ultimately permeated the lives of Inuit throughout Labrador who largely organized themselves to participate in this new global economy. This paper explores how this marine‐based economy impacted the lives of the Inuit in southern Labrador affecting their daily life, settlement structure, group identity, and relations to other Inuit communities in northern Labrador, while drawing on long‐term traditions.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Nov-2016
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.24562
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Marine Ventures
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) international,
neolithic; historical;
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd