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1. "Where You Once Belonged": Class, Race and Liverpool Roots of Lennon and McCartney’s Songs

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1. Title Title of document 1. "Where You Once Belonged": Class, Race and Liverpool Roots of Lennon and McCartney’s Songs - The Beatles in Perspective
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country James McGrath; Leeds Metropolitan University; United Kingdom
3. Subject Discipline(s) music
4. Subject Keyword(s) The Beatles; music icons; popular music; 1960s; Liverpool music scene; music industry; recording industry; film music; popular culture; music peformance
6. Description Abstract While Lennon and McCartney’s class affiliations are ambiguous to degrees that should remain debatable, the depth and the detail in which working-class life defines their work have been overlooked, thus misrepresenting The Beatles’ cultural significance. As Collins (2012) critiques, initial New Left criticisms of The Beatles – almost exclusively in response to one composition, ‘Revolution’ (1968) – have recently been adapted by commentators eager to portray The Beatles as a culturally and politically conservative force. I argue that early Left-wing and recent Right-wing criticisms of The Beatles’ legacy are misleading, because both overlook Lennon and McCartney’s different relationships to working-class culture. I also emphasize an importantly related, even more marginalized aspect of The Beatles’ history: the significance of black musical and cultural influences from Liverpool. The article seeks to offer new interpretations of songs including ‘Norwegian Wood’, ‘A Day in the Life’, ‘Revolution’, ‘Ob-la-di, Ob-la-da’ and ‘Working Class Hero’
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 25-Jul-2023
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.25026
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; The Beatles in Perspective
16. Language English=en En
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Liverpool; United Kingdom; Global,
1960s; contemporary
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd