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13: A Phenomenological Path in the Qur’ān

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1. Title Title of document 13: A Phenomenological Path in the Qur’ān - Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Massimo Campanini; University of Trento;
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religious Studies; Philosophy; History
4. Subject Keyword(s) hermeneutics; Fakhr al-Din al-Razi; Nasr Abu Zayd; tawhid; Edmund Husserl; Martin Heidegger; Being; Truth; ontology; phenomenological hermeneutics; al-Ghazali; God’s oneness and transcendence
5. Subject Subject classification Islamic studies
6. Description Abstract This chapter is the very core of the book. The validity of a reading that takes phenomenology as its point of departure but which integrates a phenomenological perspective with a hermeneutic one (understood as tension and open demand) is reiterated. Phenomenology in Husserl’s sense is integrated with an eminently ontological vision inspired by Heidegger. Thus it is possible to deal with simple essences (èidos) and their universal value remaining far from the arbitrariness of subjectivity.

In Islam Being is God. Phenomenological hermeneutics, by showing truth as a manifestation of and tension towards, emphasises that certainty and reality establish themselves as telos and purpose. The Qur’an does not hide Being in entity, it does not reduce God to man, nor, as Sufism does, does it attribute all the Being of creatures to God. The Qur’an shows (discloses) how God, absent in transcendence, remains present as telos and truth. Abu Hamid al-Ghazali is the pivotal author studied in this chapter with other theologians like Abu Yaqub al-Sijistani and al-Shahrastani.

7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Oct-2016
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.25717
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd