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Commanding Sultans to Wandering Dervishes: Sufism in the Late Medieval Era

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1. Title Title of document Commanding Sultans to Wandering Dervishes: Sufism in the Late Medieval Era - Unveiling Sufism
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Meena Sharify-Funk; Wilfrid Laurier University;
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country William Dickson; South Dakota State University; United States
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religion; Islamic Studies
4. Subject Keyword(s) Ottoman, Safavid; Mughal; Sufi orders, din-ilahi; South Asia; Qawwali; Mevlevi; Persian
5. Subject Subject classification Sufism
6. Description Abstract The diversity of contemporary Sufism and its dynamism during the colonial era can be traced to shared roots, which we explore in Chapter Four, considering Sufism’s role during the height of the Muslim “Gunpowder” empires between the 15th and 18th centuries: the Ottoman, Safavid, andMughal dynasties. In terms of politics and power, this chapter delves into the close relations some Sufis had with Muslim dynasties. The Safavid political dynasty itself emerged out of a Sufi order, while Sufi orders were integral to the social and political structures of Ottoman life. In Mughal India, Sufism was closely associated both with efforts to dissolve boundaries between Muslims and Hindus, and with movements to reassert the superiority of Islam and to entrench the boundaries between Muslims and non-Muslims. In contrast to Sufism’s relationship with imperial elites, we discuss the wandering mendicants of Islam, the dervishes, representing a counter-cultural Sufism that rejected social norms and conventions. Regardless of their position in society, Muslims in general during this period congregated in Sufi shrines, seeking the blessings of the saints. The Sufi shrine then brought together all elements of Muslim society, being honored by imperial courts, venerated by dervishes, and respected as focal points of local devotion. As we illustrate, in contrast to the contemporary period, Sufism during this era was integral to almost every facet of life in Muslim societies, infusing government, commerce, and industry as well as the arts and sciences.

7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Aug-2017
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.26330
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Unveiling Sufism
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Ottoman empire,
later medieval
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd