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Factors Affecting L2 Learning across the Lifespan: Spanish Learners of English

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1. Title Title of document Factors Affecting L2 Learning across the Lifespan: Spanish Learners of English - Romance-Germanic Bilingual Phonology
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Wendy Baker-Smemoe; Brigham Young University;
3. Subject Discipline(s) Linguistics
4. Subject Keyword(s) Spanish-English bilinguals; speech perception; speech production; cognitive factors; social factors; individual differences
5. Subject Subject classification phonology
6. Description Abstract The Speech Learning Model (SLM) (1995; 2003) predicts that learners acquire accurate second language (L2) speech perception and production throughout their lifetime, but that factors like degree of first language (L1) and L2 interaction change with age of acquisition (AOA) and affect learners’ success. The current study tests which and how factors affect L2 learning across the lifespan by examining the relative importance of several factors on L2 speech learning.

Seventy-six Spanish speakers who immigrated to the US at different ages (0-69) participated. The learners’ English global foreign accent and English vowel perception were compared to their scores on tasks of ability to imitate, working memory capacity, and phonological memory (cognitive factors), their attitudes towards L1 and L2 language/culture (social factors), and their age, experience, and L2 use (individual factors). Results demonstrate different factors were important for different AOAs and suggest some changes to the predictions of the SLM.

Flege, J.E. (1995).Second language speech learning: theory, findings, and problems. In W.Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: issues in cross language research (pp. 233–277). Timonium, MD: York Press.

Flege, J.E. (2003). Assessing constraints on second-language segmental production and perception. In A. Meyer & N. Schiller (Eds.), Phonetics and phonology in language comprehension and production (pp. 319–355). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 16-Jan-2017
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.27349
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Romance-Germanic Bilingual Phonology
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) world,
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd