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Vowel Reduction in German-Spanish Bilinguals


 
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1. Title Title of document Vowel Reduction in German-Spanish Bilinguals - Romance-Germanic Bilingual Phonology
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Margaret Kehoe; University of Geneva;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Conxita LleĆ³; University of Hamburg (Retired);
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Linguistics
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Rhythm; Bilingual children; Vowel Reduction; Vowels; Stress-timed,;Syllable-timed; Prosodic development; Cross-linguistic interaction
 
5. Subject Subject classification phonology
 
6. Description Abstract Vowel reduction maximizes the difference between stressed and unstressed syllables. In stress-timed languages, vowels of unstressed syllables are reduced, but not in syllable-timed languages. In this study, we examine the development of unstressed syllables in German (stress-timed) and Spanish (syllable-timed). The empirical data-base consists of the productions of three bilingual German-Spanish children recorded longitudinally, who are then compared to three monolingual German and Spanish children. Vowel quality and duration of unstressed syllables were measured in two- to four-syllable words extracted from the data-base at ages 2;6 through to 3;0 years. Results indicated that bilingual children were mildly disadvantaged in the acquisition of reduced syllables in German as compared to monolingual children, although not in word-final position, and that they produced non-reduced syllables in Spanish in a similar way to their monolingual counterparts. Thus, there was some delay and transfer from the language with simple syllables to the language with complex ones.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 16-Jan-2017
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/27352
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.27352
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Romance-Germanic Bilingual Phonology
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) world,
contemporary
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd