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4. Sufi Politics in the Contemporary West: The Role and Definition of Sufism in the Works of Javad Nurbakhsh (1926-2008)

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1. Title Title of document 4. Sufi Politics in the Contemporary West: The Role and Definition of Sufism in the Works of Javad Nurbakhsh (1926-2008) - Sufism, Pluralism and Democracy
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Milad Milani; Associate Lecturer, University of Western Sydney Fellow Religion and Society Research Centre; Australia
3. Subject Discipline(s) Islamic Studies
4. Subject Keyword(s) Sufism; Javad Nurbakhsh; Nimatullahi Khaniqahi; Persian Sufi tradition; Iranian sufis
5. Subject Subject classification Islamic Studies; Sufism
6. Description Abstract Sufi ideas about altruism and universalism did not emerge in a vacuum. Applying Trompf’s notion of ‘payback’ and ‘retributive logic’ (1994), it is argued that the egalitarian and liberal worldview of Sufism is pertinent to a charged socio-political atmosphere. This chapter offers further contextualization by examining some of the Sufi publications of Javad Nurbakhsh (1926-2008), the late master of the Persian Sufi tradition, the Nimatullahi Khaniqahi Sufi order, during the 1990s. This paper also focuses on some elements of his writings, in particular, Nurbakhsh’s adaptation of Sufi material for a more democratic Sufi outlook. Most importantly, the modern history of the Nimatullahiya, under Nurbakhsh’s leadership (1953-2008) (self-exiled after the 1979 Revolution), demonstrates the strains of domestic politics upon liberal interpretation of Islam, and the need for Iranian Sufis to seek sanctuary within Western democratic societies.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 14-Jul-2017
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.27393
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Sufism, Pluralism and Democracy
16. Language English=en En
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) twentieth century; twenty-first century
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd