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4. Process Narratives and Models of Cognition


 
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1. Title Title of document 4. Process Narratives and Models of Cognition - Understanding and Interaction in Clinical and Educational Settings
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Barry Saferstein; California State University, San Marcos;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Linguistics; Applied Linguistics; Communication
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) patient-practitioner interaction; clinical consultations; learning; understanding; Mendelian genetics; professional culture; process narratives; grey boxes; discourse frameworks; coherence based reasoning; mental models
 
5. Subject Subject classification Discourse
 
6. Description Abstract Chapter Four examines the differences between process narratives and mental models. Unlike approaches to memory and understanding that emphasize operations of reasoning within the mind, the process narrative approach accounts for both the material and mental components of understandings. Rather than focusing on the artifacts, such as stories that result from interpretation activities, it emphasizes the enduring linkage of information, interpretation activities, resources in settings, culturally influenced patterns of expression, and frames of reference. In that regard, the clinical and classroom data analysis shows how the creation and expansion of mental models or schemata take place. This chapter examines information constraints in the production of understandings and beliefs, comparing process narratives to Schank and Abelson’s story approach to memory, and reconsidering categories of mental operations, including functional fixedness, oracular reasoning, Rumelhart and Norman’s typology of learning (accretion, tuning, and restructuring), and D’Andrade’s discussion of the role of contentful sense of contingency in solving logic problems.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 30-Nov-2016
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/27836
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.27836
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Understanding and Interaction in Clinical and Educational Settings
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Contemporary
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd