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Pastoral land use and climate between the 17th and 19th century in the Italian Southern Alps (Pasubio massif, Trento): a preliminary report


 
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1. Title Title of document Pastoral land use and climate between the 17th and 19th century in the Italian Southern Alps (Pasubio massif, Trento): a preliminary report - Summer Farms
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country John Collis; University of Sheffield;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Marco Avanzini Avanzini; Museo delle Scienze, Trento;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Isabella Salvador; Museo delle Scienze, Trento;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) upland farming; summer farms; animal husbandry; Pasubio pastures; climatic oscillations; dairy production; malghe
 
6. Description Abstract Upland population levels are strongly correlated to environmental dynamics such as morphology, exposure and climate. A temperature fall leads to a shortening of the plant growth season, which can lead to lower pasture productivity hence shorter periods spent by the livestock in the mountains. The aim of this research is to correlate natural climate constraints with variations in post-medieval human settlements of the Pasubio plateau, located between 1500 and 1800m, in the Italian southern Alps (Trento). A survey of a 630ha area has identified the remnants of 145 structures used for milk processing, which date from the 17th to the 19th century. A ‘building density curve’, grouped into fifty year intervals, shows oscillations over time. The high population density that characterises the first half of the 17th century is followed by an almost total abandonment of pastures in the second half of the century. Dairyman-shepherds returned to the high pastures only after the mid-18th century. The correlation of this trend with climatic oscillations in the same area derived from speleothems, reveals that the decrease in highland exploitation between 1650 and 1750 was linked to the Maunder temperature fall. The subsequent temperature rise corresponds to the resettlement of the highland pastures.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Aug-2016
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/28011
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.28011
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Summer Farms
 
16. Language English=en english
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Pasubio plateau; Southern Alps,
17th and 18th centuries
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd