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Archaeological and Geomorphological Investigations of the Late Epipaleolithic in West-­central Jordan: TBAS 212 in a Regional Context


 
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1. Title Title of document Archaeological and Geomorphological Investigations of the Late Epipaleolithic in West-­central Jordan: TBAS 212 in a Regional Context - Walking Through Jordan
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Michael Neeley; Montana State University;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country J. Hill; Hendrix College, Conway, Arkansas;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Natufian; geomorphology; stone tools; sedentism; regional settlement
 
6. Description Abstract As a result of extensive archaeological survey, the west-central portion of Jordan contains a rich archaeological record. This is especially the case for the Paleolithic time frames as a series of wetland environments have been identified for the Wadi al-Hasa and the nearby Jurf ad-Darawish region. These prominent landscape features were hubs of activity for Pleistocene hunter-gatherers prior to the decline of these habitats at the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary. However, the Late Epipaleolithic (Natufian) is less well-represented in these landscapes. This paper focuses on one of these Late Epipaleolithic sites, TBAS 212, situated along a small wetland setting south of Jurf ad-Darawish. At a local level, TBAS 212 is unique as the only large, repeatedly occupied base camp in this area. This site is in contrast to several nearby smaller, Late Epipaleolithic occupations. At the regional level, the only other large Late Epipaleolithic occupation (Tabaqa) is located in the Wadi al-Hasa. Based on archaeological and geoarchaeological evidence we argue that similar environmental settings in both areas made them conducive to these larger-scale occupations. Limited evidence for large-scale settlement outside of these habitats is likely due to issues of resource availability and site preservation/geomorphological processes.

 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 17-Nov-2017
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/28933
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.28933
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Walking Through Jordan
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Jordan,
Late Epipaleolithic
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd