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Undermining Authority: The Representation of Buddhism and Discourse on Modernity in Religion Education Textbooks

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1. Title Title of document Undermining Authority: The Representation of Buddhism and Discourse on Modernity in Religion Education Textbooks - Textbook Violence
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Kai Nyborg; University of Tromso - The Arctic University of Norway; Norway
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religious Studies
4. Subject Keyword(s) religious education; religious textbooks; violence and conflict; violence in religious textbooks; representation of religion; subjective textbooks
5. Subject Subject classification religious education
6. Description Abstract This chapter focuses on the representation of Buddhism in RE-textbooks for upper secondary school in Australia and Norway. I attempt to demonstrate that the textbooks take the majority religion – Christianity, as well as particular ideas, norms, values from the textbook national context, as point of reference in representing Buddhism. In analyzing the textbooks I use a discursive approach (Fairclough 1992, Laclau & Mouffe 1985/2001, Lincoln 2003) and perspectives from current theory of religion (C. Martin 2009, L. Martin 2014). The interpretative strategies involved in the representation of Buddhism have theoretical consequences. I argue from a perspective of postcolonial criticism (Said 1978/1993) that the presentations of Buddhism reproduce orientalist structures creating a dichotomy between eastern and western culture and society. I argue from a perspective of cultural theory (Bourdieu 1977/2005) that the textbooks perform symbolic violence in misrecognizing Christian language as cross-cultural and comparative, and the textbook authors own context and understanding, as adequate representing Buddhism.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 07-Aug-2017
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30517
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Textbook Violence
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) world,
twentieth and twenty-first centuries
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd