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Aareavaara and the Pioneer Period in Northern Sweden


 
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1. Title Title of document Aareavaara and the Pioneer Period in Northern Sweden - Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Olof Östlund; Norrbotten County Museum, Sweden; Sweden
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) post-glacial; Mesolithic; Northern Scandinavia; early settlement of Northern Europe
 
5. Subject Subject classification Pre-history of Northern Europe
 
6. Description Abstract This article is an up-to-date overview of the Pioneer period of the Mesolithic in northernmost Sweden. Compared to Norway the time-span of the Pioneer settling in the northern parts of Sweden was longer due to the longer presence of the Fennoscandian ice sheet. Over the past 15 years new knowledge has been generated through newly discovered sites, but also through critical reviews of results from previously excavated sites. At the beginning of the article is a presentation of the finds from Aareavaara, where – to this day – the oldest site (c. 9400 BP ≈ 8700 cal. BC) discovered in northern Sweden was found in 2009. This is followed by a comparison with the second and third oldest sites in northern Sweden; Kangos (8720 ± 60 BP (7960-7590 cal. BC)) and Dumpokjauratj (c. 8630 ± 85 BP (7940-7530 cal. BC)). Despite their differences in age, the three sites share similarities in their topographic position in the landscape. The sites and their dates are also discussed in relation to a larger context of migration. In Sweden, Norway and Finland, GIS-analyses of other sites, radiocarbon dated older than 8000 years give indications of pioneer immigration to Fennoscandia from the south and from the east. Since the distribution of the oldest settlements in each region indicate a frontier, the larger picture of pioneer immigration also includes current knowledge of the ice-sheet deglaciation.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 31-May-2018
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/30729
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30729
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe
 
16. Language English=en EN
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Northern Europe,
Mesolithic
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd