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5. Huseby Klev and the Quest for Pioneer Subsistence Strategies: Diversification of a Maritime Lifestyle

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1. Title Title of document 5. Huseby Klev and the Quest for Pioneer Subsistence Strategies: Diversification of a Maritime Lifestyle - Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Adam Boethius; University of Lund; Sweden
3. Subject Discipline(s) archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) human settlement Northern Europe; Huseby klev; subsistence strategies; marine mamal resources; Preboreal–Boreal transition; mid-Atlantic chronozone; bone material
5. Subject Subject classification prehistory of Northern Europe
6. Description Abstract The bone material from three archaeological occupation phases at Huseby klev provide the best source of evidence currently available about the subsistence strategies of pioneer settlers in northern Europe. The results from Huseby klev indicate that the pioneer settlers initially relied heavily on marine mammals for their sustenance. This subsistence strategy changed during the second and third occupation phases of the site, during which fishing became the most important part of the diet. These changes in subsistence strategy are interpreted as arising from different factors. A highly nutritious ocean on the west coast of Scandinavia at the end of the last Ice Age resulted in a large amount of available marine mammals in the ocean, which supported a large human population able to base its economy on them. As the ocean became less nutritious, when the freshwater mixing ceased, the marine mammals suffered a natural population decline at the same time as humans still relied upon them heavily, resulting in a marine mammal collapse. This forced the human populations to change their subsistence strategy, and fish became dominant in the diet. The bone material from Huseby klev implies a good knowledge of fishing methods and seafaring as well as highlighting the ocean as the main source of sustenance during the Preboreal–Boreal transition to the mid-Atlantic chronozone. The use of the terrestrial mammals, also found on the site, is interpreted as mainly being hunted to supply raw material. Finds of reindeer imply the presence of reindeers in Mesolithic western Scandinavia but they were not prioritized in the diet, possibly only being exploited during yearly migrations. Birds are common in the bone material and a large number of bird species with a low number of identified fragments from each species implies opportunistic hunting of all but auks, the latter having been hunted in large numbers. The bone material from Huseby klev is the oldest and best preserved Atlantic coastal material in Europe and the results indicate an advanced knowledge of utilizing aquatic resources and suggest a boom in aquatic reliance that is earlier and more widespread than previously known.

7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 28-Feb-2018
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30915
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
16. Language English=en EN
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Northern Europe,
10000 - 6000 BC
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd