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4. Seal-hunting in the Final Paleolithic of Northern Europe

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1. Title Title of document 4. Seal-hunting in the Final Paleolithic of Northern Europe - Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Erwin Cziesla; Martin Wurzel Archäologie und Umwelttechnik GmbH Büro Ost, Stahnsdorf, Germany ; Germany
3. Subject Discipline(s) archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) human settlement Northern Europe; Ahrensburg; reindeer-hunting culture; Younger Dryas; seal hunting
5. Subject Subject classification prehistory of Northern Europe
6. Description Abstract When mapping Ahrensburgian sites in Northern Europe, it becomes apparent that not only the Northern European lowlands but also the margins of the adjacent hilly regions belonged to the total distribution area of this reindeer-hunting culture. Whilst different models are debated, one can assume an annual migration of the key prey species, reindeer, from the more southerly hilly regions into the northern lowlands during the Winter-months where they were protected against increasing temperatures and insect plagues. In the lowlands biserial large-barbed harpoons and reindeer antler axes are found and may relate to a special wintertime toolkit, one missing in the hilly landscapes. In this article the question is raised: Which animal or animals were hunted with these harpoons during winter months? Examples from Scandinavia give important hints for seal hunting during the Final Palaeolithic. In extension of this evidence, arguments for intensive seal hunting in the inner-European, river systems is presented, for instance from Palaeolithic art, from osteological material, and from more contemporary evidence that suggests are previous presence of marine mammals in these inland waterways. It is further argued that seal hunting was of key importance for survival during the Younger Dryas: as food supply, for the production of efficient clothing and – most of all – as fuel for cooking and for lighting in dwellings.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 28-Feb-2018
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30916
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
16. Language English=en EN
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Northern Europe,
10000 - 6000 BC
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd