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14. Seal and Reindeer: Immediate and Continuous Utilization of Coast and Mountain in the Early Mesolithic of North-Western Norway


 
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1. Title Title of document 14. Seal and Reindeer: Immediate and Continuous Utilization of Coast and Mountain in the Early Mesolithic of North-Western Norway - Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Frode Svendsen; Telemark County Council, Skien, Norway ; Norway
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) human settlement Northern Europe; Early Mesolithic; subsistence; settlement pattern; hunting seal mammals
 
5. Subject Subject classification prehistory of Northern Europe
 
6. Description Abstract A recent study covering Early Mesolithic sites in a coast-to-mountain section of northwestern Norway documents that a predominantly marine settlement- and subsistence pattern was practiced along with maintenance of certain continental traditions; explicitly evident in the appearance of seasonal reindeer hunting sites in the mountains. This link is particularly evident considering the exploration and utilization of both the outer coast and the mountains seem to have begun virtually instantly during colonization.The study shows how the combined knowledge of site distribution, geographical data and natural history data; indirectly can generate a significant wealth of knowledge about subsistence and how people have lived in the Early Mesolithic. It is argued that the settlement pattern alone is a very strong indicator that specialized hunting for sea mammals, preferably seal, were the key strategy. A combination of a series of favourable circumstances seems to have made the outer archipelagos particularly attractive for people during the Early Mesolithic. However, in contrast to this very obvious marine lifestyle, the mountain sites indicate that hunting for reindeer (still) had a very special importance.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 28-Feb-2018
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/30925
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30925
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
 
16. Language English=en EN
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Northern Europe,
10000 - 6000 BC
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd