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16. The Changing Landscape of Prehistoric Orkney


 
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1. Title Title of document 16. The Changing Landscape of Prehistoric Orkney - Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Caroline Wickham-Jones; University of Aberdeen;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Richard Bates; University of St Andrews;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Sue Dawson; University of Dundee;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Alastair Dawson; University of Dundee;
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Martin Bates; University of Wales Trinity St Davids;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) human settlement Northern Europe; Holocene; submerged landscape; Orkney; sea level change; Mesolithic; Neolithic
 
5. Subject Subject classification prehistory of Northern Europe
 
6. Description Abstract The existence of a submerged landscape that may preserve Holocene material around the UK has long been postulated. In recent years, major advances in techniques of sea-floor and subsea-floor survey together with advances in GIS modeling have provided the foundation for the refinement of regional topography, different patterns of inundation and archaeological survival. Research has necessarily focused on the broadscale and relied on generalised modelled data in order to provide overall interpretation, but the challenge for archaeology is to approach human experience at a variety of scales down to the local level. The Orkney archipelago in the north of Scotland provides an ideal location to investigate the changing landscape of the early Holocene because of active relative sea-level rise, locations of sediment preservation and the nature of the archaeological remains. This paper presents the results of research at different scales from the general to the local. In this way we hope to generate discussion regarding analysis of the interplay between natural landscape change and human activity associated with the changing patterns of relative sea level that occurred throughout the Mesolithic and Neolithic. The results show that an interdisciplinary approach can provide valuable information to investigate human behavior in response to natural changes.













 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 28-Feb-2018
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/30926
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.30926
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe
 
16. Language English=en EN
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Northern Europe,
10000 - 6000 BC
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd