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2. 'In-Between' Religiosity: European Kāli-bhakti in Early Colonial Calcutta


 
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1. Title Title of document 2. 'In-Between' Religiosity: European Kāli-bhakti in Early Colonial Calcutta - Translocal Lives and Religion
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Gautam Chakrabarti; Freie Universität Berlin;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religion; Asian Studies
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) European travellers; shākta; Bengali religious devotion; Anthony Firingee;Antōnī Phiringī;Phiringī Kālibāri; east-west cultural borrowings; cultural encounters
 
5. Subject Subject classification Religious studies
 
6. Description Abstract One of the most engaging socio-cultural traits in late 18th- and early 19th-century India was the disarmingly engaged and comparativist manner in which European travellers responded to the multi-layered and deeply syncretic field of devotional spirituality in eastern India. The predominantly-śākta orientation of early modern Bengali configurations of religious devotion led, especially in the vicinity of the rather-heterodox city of Calcutta, to the familiarization of European migrants to the Goddess Kālī, Herself representing a certain subaltern, tāntrika aspect of Hindu devotional practices. Antony Firingi, (Æntōnī Phiringī) originally Hensman Anthony (?‒1836), was a folk-poet/bard, who, despite being of Portuguese origin, was married to a Hindu Brahmin widow and well-known throughout Bengal for his celebrated Bengali devotional songs addressed to the Goddesses Kālī and Durgā, towards the beginning of the 19th century. He was also celebrated for his performance in literary contests known as kabigān (bardic duels) with the then elite of Bengali composers. His āgamani songs, celebrating the return of Goddess Durgā to her parental home are immensely-popular till today and he was associated with a temple to Goddess Kālī in the Bowbazar-area of North Calcutta that is nowadays famous as the Phiringī Kālibāri (foreigner’s Kālī temple). In this essay, the literary-cultural construction of a religious hybridity, operating between and cross-fertilizing Indo-European cultural conjunctions, is examined through the study of individual, “in-between” religious agency, in this case of Hensman Anthony, who comes across as a figure representing the condition of the transcultural subaltern.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Mar-2020
 
10. Type Status & genre peer-reviewed chapters
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/31740
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.31740
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Translocal Lives and Religion
 
16. Language English=en english
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Calcutta,
late-eighteenth-century
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd