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Evidence for Animal Sacrifices in Front of the Rock Painting of Kotojärvi, Southeastern Finland

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1. Title Title of document Evidence for Animal Sacrifices in Front of the Rock Painting of Kotojärvi, Southeastern Finland - Perspectives on Differences in Rock Art
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Antti Lahelma; University of Helsinki; Finland
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) rock art; stone age; rock carving; ancient art; Värikallio; colour rock; Finland; Lake Somer; Sami; shamanistic ritual
5. Subject Subject classification rock art archaeology
6. Description Abstract In 2011, an underwater excavation took place in front of the rock painting site of Kotojärvi in south-east Finland. The excavation, arranged by the author, yielded well-preserved unburnt bones belonging to elk and various bird species, dating to the Early Metal Period, between ca. 1800 cal. BC and ca. 700 cal. BC. They are believed to be broadly contemporary with the rock paintings, and are therefore likely to relate to ritual activities carried out at the site. Indeed, the animal species and body parts found include fragments of elk skulls and the bones of diving birds, which reflect the cosmological ideas of ancient Finno-Ugric and circumpolar peoples. The excavation is discussed in detail in this chapter. It has, in spite of technical difficulties and the issue of modern site disturbance, shone new light on the nature and dating of the Kotojärvi finds, which remain unique in Northern Europe.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 30-Apr-2021
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.31920
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Perspectives on Differences in Rock Art
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) worldwide
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd