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19. Historical Consciousness and the 'Aitiology' in Greece

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1. Title Title of document 19. Historical Consciousness and the 'Aitiology' in Greece - Historical Consciousness and the Use of the Past in the Ancient World
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Rosalind Thomas; University of Oxford;
3. Subject Discipline(s) Ancient History
4. Subject Keyword(s) ancient history; ancient civilization; historiography; cultural memory; historical consciousness; collective memory; cultural heritage; myth; ritual; aitiology; Greek historiology; Herodotus
5. Subject Subject classification Ancient Near Eastern Studies; Sinology; Biblical Studies; Classics; Maya Studies
6. Description Abstract This chapter examines the phenomenon of ‘aetiology’ in Greek formal historiography, particularly Herodotus, and in the more popular manifestations of historical consciousness to be found in various polis and island histories (‘local histories’), arguing that these have roots in local popular and cultic explanations. Though aitia and the discussion of ‘causes’ in these contexts are often taken to be a particularly Hellenistic and learned interest, they are very common in Herodotus and in the fragments of local histories which must relate to oral traditions – and they are often highly entertaining. The author examines whether there are differences of attitude and approach between Herodotus and the aitia of local histories, as well as the relation of these aitia to the wider and more sophisticated search for cause and causation in Greek historiography. These aetiologies also raise questions about the relation of present to past, the sense of continuity of custom, and about the invention of tradition.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 10-Jun-2019
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.33735
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Historical Consciousness and the Use of the Past in the Ancient World
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) world,
ancient world
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd