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5. J.W. Crowfoot and G.M. Fitzgerald as Pioneers in the Archaeological Research of Aelia Capitolina

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1. Title Title of document 5. J.W. Crowfoot and G.M. Fitzgerald as Pioneers in the Archaeological Research of Aelia Capitolina - Exploring the Holy Land
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Yana Tchekhanovets; Israel Antiquities Authority; Israel
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Doron Ben-Ami; Israel Antiquities Authority; Israel
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology; History
4. Subject Keyword(s) Jerusalem; Aelia Capitolina; Roman period; urban layout; PEF excavations
5. Subject Subject classification History and Archaeology of the Holy Land
6. Description Abstract During the excavations in the Tyropoeon Valley in Jerusalem, carried out by the PEF under the direction of J.W. Crowfoot and G.M. Fitzgerald in the 1920-s, a whole stratum defined by the excavators as a “Byzantine Low Level” was discerned. The stratigraphical setting of the structures, their orientation, architectural characteristics and décor and the rich finds assigned with this stratum have close parallels in the recently exposed peristyle building in the Givati parking lot excavations located only few dozen meters to the north. Apparently, both complexes belong to the Late Roman well-planned residential quarter of Aelia Capitolina, destroyed by the A.D. 363 earthquake. The reassessment of Crowfoot and Fitzgerald’s work in light of modern research clearly shows that they were the first to define the remains of the Late Roman living quarters of the city expanding to the south in the late third-early fourth century C.E.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 25-Feb-2019
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.34542
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Exploring the Holy Land
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Middle East
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd