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The Role of Functional Recasts in EFL Undergraduate Students’ Learning of Intercultural Communication

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1. Title Title of document The Role of Functional Recasts in EFL Undergraduate Students’ Learning of Intercultural Communication - Social Practices in Higher Education
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Masaki Kobayashi; Kanda University of International Studies, Tokyo; Japan
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Emi Kobayashi; Kyoai Gakuen University; Japan
3. Subject Discipline(s) Linguistics
4. Subject Keyword(s) Bernard Mohan; knowledge framework; systemic functional linguistics; pedagogy; teaching; teaching in higher education; educational activities; content teaching; John Dewey; learning; Donald Schon; Peter Senge
5. Subject Subject classification learning; academic discourse; systemic functional linguistics
6. Description Abstract This chapter focuses on the role of functional recasts (FRs) in Japanese undergraduate students’ linguistic construction of the knowledge structure of PRINCIPLES in their content-based EFL course in intercultural communication. While previous research has illustrated how FRs could be used to upgrade students’ discourse, little is known about how students respond to such teacher assistance. Given that the goal of scaffolding is to help students perform tasks more independently, it follows that more attention should be paid to students’ uptake of FRs.

This chapter reports on an action research project that involved two classes of EFL students who received FRs from their instructor. FRs in Class A took the form of oral feedback on student presentations while FRs in Class B were provided as written comments on drafts of student papers. In each case, all the instances were identified where the instructor functionally recast the presenter’s or writer’s utterances.

The analysis focuses on students successfully constructing causal knowledge structures by incorporating FRs from their instructor. However, the analysis revealed that only a few students in Class A acted upon the FRs in their write-ups while almost all the students in Class B incorporated their instructor’s reformulations of their utterances into their writings. This difference is discussed with respect to time pressure involved in oral presentations, the appropriateness of the levels of FRs, and the use of key visuals. The pedagogical implications revolve around teacher roles: (1) teachers’ scaffolding of students’ use of FRs in subsequent tasks and (2) teachers’ preparedness to respond to students’ contributions.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Nov-2023
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.35552
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Social Practices in Higher Education
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd