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Ancient Iconic Texts

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1. Title Title of document Ancient Iconic Texts - How and Why Books Matter
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country James Watts; Syracuse University; United States
3. Subject Discipline(s) Religious Studies
4. Subject Keyword(s) religious texts; manipulation of books; presentation of books; performance of books; social value of books; books in society;books and hte media; scriptures; iconic texts; literacy
5. Subject Subject classification Religious Texts; Cultural Studies
6. Description Abstract This chapter probes the origins of iconic textuality in the ancient Near East, informed by post-colonial perspectives on iconic texts. The need to create material artifacts as proof of economic transactions motivated the invention of writing in Mesopotamia. The surviving art and texts from ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia exhibit at least four forms of iconic textuality: monumental inscriptions, scribal portraiture, displays and manipulations of ritual texts, and beliefs in heavenly texts. Iconic ritualization was also a key factor in creating the first Western scripture, the Jewish Torah. It narrates the gift of divinely written tablets to Moses that are enshrined in a book reliquary (the Ark of the Covenant) that represents God’s presence with Israel. Simultaneously, Moses writes scrolls of Torah (law or instruction) that accompany the Ark of the Covenant and report on the tablets’ origins and contents. Jewish tradition soon came to regard the Torah, too, as written in heaven. In this way, iconic display joined ritualized expression and semantic interpretation to scripturalize Torah in antiquity, as well as later bibles that incorporate it.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 25-Jun-2019
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.35887
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; How and Why Books Matter
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd