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6. EBI and Early Urbanism in Jordan: New Lights on a Formative Period through the Jebel al Mutawwaq Excavations


 
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1. Title Title of document 6. EBI and Early Urbanism in Jordan: New Lights on a Formative Period through the Jebel al Mutawwaq Excavations - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Andrea Polcaro; University of Perugia; Italy
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Jebel al-Mutawwaq; Early Bronze Age I; urbanization; Transjordan highlands; Jordanian history; southern Levant; dolmen; megalithic architecture
 
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
 
6. Description Abstract Jebel al-Mutawwaq is an Early Bronze Age I site located along the Middle Wadi az-Zarqa Valley in the center of the Transjordan highlands. The recent excavations of the Italian-Spanish archaeological expedition have identified two main phases of occupation of the site, corresponding to the EB IA and to the EB IB-IIA periods. The site shows peculiar architectonical features reflecting the social organization of the settlement already form the EB IA. This article addresses the actual state of the science on the EB I, considered not only as a transitional period but also as a formative moment in the history of the southern Levant. The discoveries of the last years in Jebel al-Mutawwaq, both in the settlement with large public buildings excavated in the central and eastern sectors and in the necropolis with several dolmens recovered intact, are illustrated in the article. These discoveries demonstrate that Jebel al-Mutawwaq must be considered a key site for the study of the development of the Jordanian population of the central highlands during the different phases of transformation and evolution of the settlement from the villages to the first walled cities of the EB II-III.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Jan-2021
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/37723
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37723
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd