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9. The Political Economy of Early Bronze Age Copper Production at Khirbat Hamra Ifdan (Jordan): Implications for Southern Levantine Urbanism


 
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1. Title Title of document 9. The Political Economy of Early Bronze Age Copper Production at Khirbat Hamra Ifdan (Jordan): Implications for Southern Levantine Urbanism - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Aaron Gidding; Independent Scholar; United States
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Thomas Levy; University of California, San Diego;
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant; Suzanne Richard; interconnectivity in the Levant; Chalcolithic; Middle Bronze Age; first urban period in Palestine
 
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
 
6. Description Abstract This paper examines the political economy of the terminal phase (2600 ¬– 2000 BCE) of the southern Levantine Early Bronze Age through a study of characteristic bar-shaped ingots. The focus of the analysis is at the site Khirbat Hamra Ifdan (KHI), which is the best-preserved metal production facility dating to the Early Bronze Age in the southern Levant (Levy et al. 2002). KHI offers a detailed picture of the organization of ingot production during the Early Bronze Age and is used to contextualize bar-shaped ingots found in other locations. Comparing the metrology of the ingots from KHI to ingots found at sites in the Negev Highlands offers important details on the copper trade network. In conjunction, the two datasets highlight a non-centralized political economy that nevertheless was able to develop a long-distance exchange network marketing copper as a commodity intensively for the first time in the region. The analysis highlights that the ingots share a consistent design, but lack metrological consistency associated with currency.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-May-2021
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/37727
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37727
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd