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2. Urbanism, Collapse and Transitions: Considerations on the EB III/IV and the EB IV/MB I Nexuses in the Southern Levant


 
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1. Title Title of document 2. Urbanism, Collapse and Transitions: Considerations on the EB III/IV and the EB IV/MB I Nexuses in the Southern Levant - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Marta D'Andrea; Sapienza University of Rome
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) southern Levant; Jordan; Khirbat Iskandar; Early Bronze III/IV nexus; EB-MB transition; chronology; archaeological periodization; early urbanism; crisis, collapse and regeneration
 
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
 
6. Description Abstract This paper reviews past and current interpretations of urbanism, collapse, and transitions in the Early Bronze Age and the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in the southern Levant in order to reanalyse the critical Early Bronze III/IV and Early Bronze IV/Middle Bronze I nexuses. Current interpretive constructs of the southern Levantine society during Early Bronze II-III are discussed to reappraise the question of early urbanization in this region, as well as of how it came to an end and transitioned to the non-urban Early Bronze IV period. Likewise, the nature of the early Middle Bronze Age society and the question of continuity and discontinuity with Early Bronze IV are re-evaluated considering archaeological correlates and chronological issues. All through the paper, the evidence from Khirbat Iskandar is discussed within its regional context in order to re-investigate those intricate phenomena.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Jan-2021
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/37731
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37731
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd