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3. MB II-LB I Transition in North Inner Syria: A Difficult Horizon

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1. Title Title of document 3. MB II-LB I Transition in North Inner Syria: A Difficult Horizon - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Frances Pinnock; Sapienza University of Rome ; Italy
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
4. Subject Keyword(s) Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant; Suzanne Richard; interconnectivity in the Levant; Chalcolithic; Middle Bronze Age; first urban period in Palestine
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
6. Description Abstract In this contribution, I will present the archaeological evidence about the phases of LB I–II at Tell Mardikh/Ebla. This was the first period of true decadence of the site: immediately after the destruction around 1600 BCE, there was an attempt to resettle the site, as also happened in other great centers of northern Syria like Alalakh, which had also been destroyed in the same period, or slightly earlier. Unlike other sites, however, the attempt was not successful, although the region of Ebla was under the control of the Hittite Empire, which guaranteed stability. I will present the evidence thus far, and I will analyse the possible reasons for the failure of this experiment of resettlement, which, on the contrary, was successful in other areas of northern Syria, like nearby Tell Afis, Alalakh, and Aleppo.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Jan-2021
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37732
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd