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15. Khirbat Iskandar EB IV: The Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B


 
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1. Title Title of document 15. Khirbat Iskandar EB IV: The Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B - Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Shelby Green; Abilene Christian University; United States
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Jesse Long, Jr. ; Lubbock Christian University; United States
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) household archaeology; Khirbat Iskandar; architecture; social organization; Early Bronze IV; privacy; access analysis; sightline diagram
 
5. Subject Subject classification Early Bronze Age; Southern Levant
 
6. Description Abstract Shaped and segmented by culture, architecture is a reflection of the social organization of the society that created it. This paper applies this theory to the Early Bronze Age site of Khirbet Iskandar in Central Jordan. On the heels of the “collapse” of Early Bronze Age II-III urbanism, the succeeding EB IV reflects a sociopolitical organizational change to a rural period of sedentary agricultural settlements, as well as to a complementary stratum of pastoral-nomadic subsistence throughout the southern Levant. The EBIV phase at Khirbet Iskandar is extremely significant in the fact that substantial architecture, such as house complexes, fortifications, and even a gateway, have been uncovered providing opportunity for studying the spatiality of an EBIV permanently settled agricultural settlement. This paper discusses the last occupational phase at Khirbat Iskandar: Phase A in Area B. For each sub-phase of Phase A, it first provides a description of the house complexes and then considers the cultural conventions present in the architecture, through the use of sightline and access analysis diagrams. From this, a sketch of possible “standard” house characteristics in Phase A is constructed. Overall, the Phase A architecture at Khirbat Iskandar shows a trend from less privacy to more privacy between households, as seen in the increasing partitioning of space.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 15-Jan-2021
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/37737
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.37737
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Levant,
late 4th to early 2nd millennia BCE
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd