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16. Discussion of Conversational Speech Study

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1. Title Title of document 16. Discussion of Conversational Speech Study - The Phonetics of Dysarthria
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Ioannis Papakyritsis; University of Patras; Greece
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Marie Klopfenstein; Southern Illinois University Edwardsville;
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Ben Rutter; University of Sheffield; United Kingdom
3. Subject Discipline(s) Linguistics
4. Subject Keyword(s) dysarthria; phonetics; phonology; speech disorder; lexical stress; acoustics; prosodic; speech; suprasegmental
5. Subject Subject classification Phonology
6. Description Abstract The aim of the study reported in this section of the book was to look at the manifestation of dysarthria secondary to MS in naturally occurring conversational speech. More specifically, to look at the acoustic-phonetic characteristics of repair sequences; those occurrences in natural conversation associated with misunderstanding. It is hoped that the results provide information about the modifications made by dysarthric speakers in order to enhance their speech intelligibility and inform theories of speech motor control in normal and disordered populations. The methodology adopted was interactional phonetics. This was in order to facilitate the analysis of repair in spontaneous, conversational speech. It is here, we have suggested, that the symptoms of speech disorders like dysarthria are most likely to present (Leuschel & Docherty, 1996; Rosen, Kent, Delaney, & Duffy, 2006; Tjaden & Walting, 2003). Interactional phonetics is more commonly used for the analysis of conversations without the involvement of communication difficulties (see Couper-Kuhlen, 2007; Couper-Kuhlen & Ford, 2004; Curl, 2004; Local, 1992; Ogden, 2001) but with some history of applications to disordered speech production (Auer & Rönfeldt, 2004; Local and Wootton, 1995; Tarplee & Barrow, 1999). It is an approach that encourages the use of spontaneous conversation as a data source. It also recognizes the role of very fine phonetic detail in conveying meaning in conversation. In carrying out the joint analysis of the sequential organization of talk and the phonetic design of participant contributions, the consequences of acoustic variation to interaction can be discovered. In this chapter we summarize these results, discuss the implications of the work, and reflect on the use of interactional phonetics.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 26-Jul-2022
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.41380
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; The Phonetics of Dysarthria
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd