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A Masterpiece of Early Hebrew Storytelling: The Seance at En-Dor (1 Samuel 28)

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1. Title Title of document A Masterpiece of Early Hebrew Storytelling: The Seance at En-Dor (1 Samuel 28) - The Hunt for Ancient Israel
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Reinhard Müller; University of Göttingen; Germany
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology; Ancient History of Israel
4. Subject Keyword(s) 1 Sam 28; Saul; Necromancy; Ancestral Spirits in Ancient Israel
5. Subject Subject classification Ancient History, Israel; Biblical Studies
6. Description Abstract This contribution investigates the literary history of 1 Sam 28 and its contexts in religious history. Contrary to recent models postulating a late Deuteronomistic origin of the narrative, it shows that the literary core of 1 Sam 28 was drafted much earlier, namely in the era of the Northern Israelite monarchy. This core mirrors practices of ancestral cult and necromancy that were an important field of ancient Israelite religion, including the religion of the court, closely related to Ancient Near Eastern and particularly North-West Semitic traditions. At the same time, the original narrative proves a masterpiece of early Hebrew literature, depicting king Saul compassionately as a tragic hero and in no way criticizing him. Only several additions change Saul’s picture according to Deuteronomistic ideas, and the failing king becomes more and more criticized for turning to idolatrous religious practices instead of trusting in Yahweh.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 24-Jun-2022
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.41638
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; The Hunt for Ancient Israel
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd