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1. More than Monkeys: Global Interfaces and the Earliest Evidence for Exchange along the Silk Roads


 
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1. Title Title of document 1. More than Monkeys: Global Interfaces and the Earliest Evidence for Exchange along the Silk Roads - Case Studies in the Silk Roads Archaeology
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Marie Nicole Pareja ; University of Pennsylvania; United States
 
3. Subject Discipline(s) Archaeology
 
4. Subject Keyword(s) Silk Road; history of trade; trade route; landscape archaeology; Antiquity; Middle Age; early Modern History; Afro-Eurasian trade
 
5. Subject Subject classification Silk Road; History of Trade
 
6. Description Abstract Recent interdisciplinary projects provide scientific evidence that indicate the “Silk Roads” were in use long before the first century C.E. Such studies indicate that the earliest formal trade begins as early as the Bronze Age (ca. 3,000-1,100 B.C.E.). Despite the movement of materials, technologies, iconographies, diseases, and people, some scholars are reluctant to consider this Afro-Eurasian exchange as something more than informal and opportunistic. Problematically, this suggests that each culture exchanged almost exclusively with nearby groups but with minimal awareness of populations beyond their neighbors. Before its eventual wane, the Silk Roads saw an early fluorescence during the Late Bronze Age, which is supported by textual, iconographic, genetic, and material evidence. This paper first reviews such studies to allay any remaining hesitation regarding Bronze Age Indus Aegean exchange. Next, the budding relationship between the Indus and Aegean will be examined through the lens of animal imagery to better understand notions of identity, access, and luxury. As a result, this paper challenges traditional Silk Roads chronologies and proposes that some of the earliest Eurasian exchange occurred during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age.
 
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
 
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 01-Feb-2023
 
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
 
11. Type Type
 
12. Format File format PDF
 
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://journals.equinoxpub.com/books/article/view/42848
 
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.42848
 
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Case Studies in the Silk Roads Archaeology
 
16. Language English=en en
 
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.) Silk Road,
4th millennium BC to the 10th century AD
 
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd