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Criteria for a Response: Error Focus

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1. Title Title of document Criteria for a Response: Error Focus - Absolutization
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country Robert Ellis; Middle Way Society;
3. Subject Discipline(s) Buddhist Studies; Philosophy
4. Subject Keyword(s) Buddhist studies; middle way; absolutisation; human judgement; Buddhist psychology; metaphysics; rationalisation; archetypes; mindfulness; mental health; repression
5. Subject Subject classification Buddhist Studies; Philosophy
6. Description Abstract a. Falsification and Error Focus
Error focus is a more effective approach than positive focus for avoiding confirmation bias as a dimension of absolutization. It suggests that we make incremental progress towards objectivity, not by eliminating absolutely false claims, but by identifying absolutizations as the erroneous how of judgement. This is reliably but not absolutely available to us from reflection on individual experience of past judgements, and applies equally to all kinds of judgement – individual or social, scientific or moral.
b. Refining Shadow Avoidance
A focus on avoiding error is an avoidance of evil in the sense of threats from absolutized human judgement, that we have learned to recognize in ‘evil’ characteristics. This is the most practically important part of our response to the shadow, which also includes ‘natural’ evils. It is better targeted than the identification of evil as sociopathic character, which involves the projection of one variable feature as necessary to a character as a whole.
c. Emotionally Positive Context
Although logical negativity is conventional and reversible, the idea of error may still have emotionally negative associations for us. These can be put in a wider positive frame by a growth mindset that puts error in the context of wider success, so are not a sufficient argument against error focus. The development of a growth mindset may be aided by mindfulness, imagination and critical thinking practices.
7. Publisher Organizing agency, location Equinox Publishing Ltd
8. Contributor Sponsor(s)
9. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 07-Oct-2022
10. Type Status & genre Peer-reviewed Article
11. Type Type
12. Format File format PDF
13. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier
14. Identifier Digital Object Identifier 10.1558/equinox.44333
15. Source Journal/conference title; vol., no. (year) Equinox eBooks Publishing; Absolutization
16. Language English=en en
18. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
19. Rights Copyright and permissions Copyright 2014 Equinox Publishing Ltd